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Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Liver Metastases From Colorectal Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: January 10, 2009
Last verified: January 2006

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy in treating patients with liver metastases from colorectal cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Colorectal Cancer
Metastatic Cancer
Drug: FOLFOX regimen
Drug: fluorouracil
Drug: leucovorin calcium
Drug: oxaliplatin
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Patients With Unresectable Metastatic Adenocarcinoma of the Colon or Rectum (Per 04/99 Amendment) Old Title: A Phase II Study of Patients With Unresectable Metastatic Adenocarcinoma of the Colon or Rectum Confined to the Liver

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: March 1999
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the efficacy of treatment with oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium in terms of the resectability rate in patients with unresectable advanced colorectal carcinoma confined to the liver. II. Assess this regimen in terms of response rate, toxicity, and overall survival in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1, then leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours with fluorouracil IV bolus, followed by fluorouracil IV over 22 hours on days 1 and 2. Courses repeat every 2 weeks. Patients with stable disease continue treatment in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or until disease is resectable. Patients who achieve complete response (CR), partial response (PR) with unresectable disease, or PR but are not surgical candidates continue treatment in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who demonstrate a response are treated until best response or until disease is deemed resectable. Patients who achieve a CR or PR and are resected may receive 2 to 4 additional courses of therapy at the discretion of the investigator. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months for 2 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 44 patients will be accrued for this study over approximately 2-3 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: History of carcinoma of the colon or rectum in which the primary site has been completely resected Measurable or evaluable unresectable liver metastases with one or more of the following: Involvement of all 3 major hepatic veins, the portal vein bifurcation, or the retrohepatic vena cava Involvement of the main right or the main left portal vein and the main hepatic vein of the opposite lobe Disease requiring more than a right or left trisegmentectomy Six or more metastatic lesions distributed diffusely in both lobes of the liver

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin normal SGOT no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN) No chronic hepatic disease (e.g., chronic active hepatitis, cirrhosis) Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN Cardiovascular: No history of myocardial infarction within the past 6 months No congestive heart failure Other: No other malignancy within the past 5 years except basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any organ or other tumor associated with less than 10% probability of death from malignant disease within 5 years of diagnosis Adequate oral nutrition including estimated intake of at least 1,500 calories per day No severe anorexia or frequent nausea and/or vomiting Able to withstand a major operative procedure No neuropathy Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No concurrent immunotherapy Concurrent filgrastim or epoetin alfa allowed Chemotherapy: At least one year since prior adjuvant systemic fluorouracil with or without levamisole or leucovorin No prior systemic or hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy for metastatic disease No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy to the liver At least one year since radiotherapy to greater than 25% of bone marrow No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: At least 21 days since abdominal exploration with or without intestinal resection Other: Oral cryotherapy allowed only on day 2 of each course

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00003834

United States, Arizona
CCOP - Scottsdale Oncology Program
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259-5404
United States, Illinois
CCOP - Illinois Oncology Research Association
Peoria, Illinois, United States, 61602
CCOP - Carle Cancer Center
Urbana, Illinois, United States, 61801
United States, Iowa
CCOP - Cedar Rapids Oncology Project
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, United States, 52403-1206
CCOP - Iowa Oncology Research Association
Des Moines, Iowa, United States, 50309-1016
Siouxland Hematology-Oncology
Sioux City, Iowa, United States, 51101-1733
United States, Kansas
CCOP - Wichita
Wichita, Kansas, United States, 67214-3882
United States, Louisiana
CCOP - Ochsner
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70121
United States, Michigan
CCOP - Ann Arbor Regional
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48106
United States, Minnesota
CCOP - Duluth
Duluth, Minnesota, United States, 55805
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
CentraCare Clinic
Saint Cloud, Minnesota, United States, 56303
CCOP - Metro-Minnesota
Saint Louis Park, Minnesota, United States, 55416
United States, Nebraska
CCOP - Missouri Valley Cancer Consortium
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68131
United States, North Dakota
Medcenter One Health System
Bismarck, North Dakota, United States, 58501
CCOP - Merit Care Hospital
Fargo, North Dakota, United States, 58122
Altru Health Systems
Grand Forks, North Dakota, United States, 58201
United States, Ohio
CCOP - Toledo Community Hospital Oncology Program
Toledo, Ohio, United States, 43623-3456
United States, Pennsylvania
CCOP - Geisinger Clinic and Medical Center
Danville, Pennsylvania, United States, 17822-2001
United States, South Dakota
CCOP - Sioux Community Cancer Consortium
Sioux Falls, South Dakota, United States, 57105-1080
Canada, Saskatchewan
Allan Blair Cancer Centre
Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, S4T 7T1
Sponsors and Collaborators
North Central Cancer Treatment Group
Study Chair: Steven R. Alberts, MD Mayo Clinic
  More Information

Additional Information:
Alberts SR, Horvath W, Donohue J, et al.: Oxaliplatin (OXAL), 5-Fluorouracil (5FU), and Leucovorin (CF) for patients (Pts) with liver only metastases (Mets) from colorectal cancer (CRC): a North Central Cancer Treatment Group (NCCTG) phase II study. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 20: A-511, 2001. Identifier: NCT00003834     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066991, NCCTG-974651
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: January 10, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage IV colon cancer
stage IV rectal cancer
recurrent colon cancer
recurrent rectal cancer
adenocarcinoma of the colon
adenocarcinoma of the rectum
liver metastases

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Colonic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Intestinal Diseases
Intestinal Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Rectal Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protective Agents processed this record on November 20, 2014