Cisplatin With or Without Monoclonal Antibody Therapy in Treating Patients With Metastatic or Recurrent Head and Neck Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00003809
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: August 22, 2013
Last verified: August 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Monoclonal antibodies can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. It is not yet known whether cisplatin plus monoclonal antibody therapy is more effective than cisplatin alone for metastatic or recurrent head and neck cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized double-blinded phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of cisplatin with or without monoclonal antibody in treating patients who have metastatic or recurrent head and neck cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Head and Neck Cancer
Biological: cetuximab
Drug: cisplatin
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Phase III Evaluation of Cisplatin + Placebo Versus Cisplatin + C225 a Mouse/Human Monoclonal Antibody to the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor, in Patients With Metastatic and/or Recurrent Squamous Cell Cancer of the Head and Neck

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group:

Study Start Date: June 1999
Primary Completion Date: September 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy (survival and response rates) and toxicity of cisplatin with or without monoclonal antibody C225 in patients with metastatic and/or recurrent squamous cell head and neck cancer. II. Compare the correlation between epidermal growth factor receptor density and response and progression-free survival in these patients. III. Determine the steady state serum levels of monoclonal antibody C225 and the frequency of human antibody response to this monoclonal antibody in patients treated with the combination therapy.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients are stratified according to disease status (newly diagnosed vs recurrent) and ECOG status (0 vs 1). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive monoclonal antibody C225 IV over 2 hours followed 1 hour later by cisplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1 of course 1. Monoclonal antibody C225 is administered over 1 hour on subsequent courses. Arm II: Patients receive placebo IV over 2 hours followed 1 hour later by cisplatin as in arm I on day 1 of course 1. Placebo is administered over 1 hour on subsequent courses. Treatment continues every 4 weeks for at least 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Arm II patients who develop disease progression may then crossover to arm I treatment. Patients are followed at 1 and 3 months and then every 3 months until disease progression.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 114 patients will be accrued for this study within 14 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck that is incurable with surgery or radiotherapy No nasopharyngeal primaries Measurable or evaluable disease Newly diagnosed with extensive, incurable local regional disease AND distant metastases OR Local regional recurrence/persistence or distant metastases after surgery or radiotherapy Persistent or progressive disease after radiotherapy must be histologically proven at least 8 weeks after therapy No brain metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-1 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL (transfusion allowed) Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL SGOT and SGPT no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN) Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2 times ULN Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.2 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance at least 50 mL/min Calcium no greater than ULN No history of hypercalcemia Other: No active infection No other concurrent malignancy within past 2 years except curatively treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix No known hypersensitivity to murine proteins Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior chimeric antibody or kinase inhibitor for recurrent or metastatic disease No more than 1 prior biotherapy regimen for recurrent or metastatic disease Chemotherapy: At least 3 months since prior induction or adjuvant chemotherapy concurrent with radiotherapy No prior chemotherapy for recurrent disease Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics Recovered from prior major surgery

  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00003809

  Show 76 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
Investigators
Study Chair: Barbara A. Burtness, MD Yale University
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Burtness BA, Li Yi, Flood W, et al.: Phase III trial comparing cisplatin (C) + placebo (P) to C + anti-epidermal growth factor antibody (EGF-R) C225 in patients (pts) with metastatic/recurrent head & neck cancer (HNC). [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 21: A-901, 2002.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003809     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066954, ECOG-E5397
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: August 22, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group:
untreated metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary
recurrent metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Cetuximab
Cisplatin
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 16, 2014