Pentostatin, Cyclophosphamide, and Rituximab in Treating Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Other B-cell Cancers
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Combining chemotherapy with monoclonal antibody therapy may kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining pentostatin, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab in treating patients who have chronic lymphocytic leukemia or other B-cell cancers that have been treated previously.
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||A Phase I-II Study of Pentostatin With Cyclophosphamide for Previously Treated Patients With Intermediate and High-Risk Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia|
|Study Start Date:||September 1998|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
- Determine the dose of cyclophosphamide, with filgrastim (G-CSF) support, that can be safely administered with pentostatin and rituximab in patients with previously treated intermediate- or high-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia or other low-grade B-cell malignancies. (Phase I closed to accrual effective 11/27/2001.)
- Characterize the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.
- Determine the incidence of response in these patients treated with this regimen.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study of cyclophosphamide (CTX).
- Phase I: Patients receive CTX IV followed by pentostatin IV on day 1 of course 1. Patients also receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously once daily beginning on day 3 and continuing until blood counts recover. During the second and subsequent courses, patients receive CTX IV, pentostatin IV, and rituximab IV on day 1. Patients also receive G-CSF as in course 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with at least a partial response after the third course receive an additional 3 courses.
Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of CTX until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.
(Phase I closed to accrual effective 11/27/2001.)
- Phase II: Patients receive CTX at the recommended phase II dose and treatment as above.
Patients are followed at least every 3 months for 1 year and then periodically thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-30 patients will be accrued for the phase I portion of this study. (Phase I closed to accrual effective 11/27/2001.) A total of 14-30 patients will be accrued for the phase II portion of this study within 2.5 years.
|United States, New York|
|Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center|
|New York, New York, United States, 10021|
|Study Chair:||Mark Adam Weiss, MD||Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center|