Chemotherapy Plus Surgery in Treating Patients With Stage III or Stage IV Ovarian, Peritoneal, or Fallopian Tube Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00003636
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: August 26, 2013
Last verified: August 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining surgery with chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known whether chemotherapy before surgery is more effective than chemotherapy after surgery in treating ovarian, peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying chemotherapy given before surgery to see how well it works compared to chemotherapy given after surgery with or without additional surgery in treating patients with stage III or stage IV ovarian cancer, peritoneal cancer, or fallopian tube cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Fallopian Tube Cancer
Ovarian Cancer
Primary Peritoneal Cavity Cancer
Drug: carboplatin
Drug: cisplatin
Procedure: conventional surgery
Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase III Study Comparing Upfront Debulking Surgery Versus Neo-Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients With Stage IIIC or IV Epithelial Ovarian Carcinoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival as measured by Kaplan Meier every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free survival as measured by Kaplan Meier and RECIST every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Health-related quality of life as measured by Quality of Life Questionnaire-C30 after courses 1, 3 and 6, then at 6 and 12 months [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toxicity as measured by NCIC Common Toxicity Criteria v2.0 within 4 weeks of surgery [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 704
Study Start Date: September 1998
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Compare the overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with stage IIIC or IV ovarian epithelial, peritoneal, or fallopian tube carcinoma treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by interval debulking surgery versus upfront cytoreductive surgery followed by chemotherapy with or without interval debulking surgery.
  • Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the different treatment complications in patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to participating center, method of biopsy, stage, largest tumor size before surgery, and intent to also randomize on EORTC-55012. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients undergo upfront maximal cytoreductive surgery followed by cisplatin or carboplatin IV every 3 weeks for 3 courses. Patients with non-optimal primary debulking may undergo interval debulking surgery at the physician's discretion. All patients then receive an additional 3 courses of the same regimen of chemotherapy.
  • Arm II: Patients receive chemotherapy as in arm I. Patients with stable or responding disease undergo interval debulking surgery followed by an additional 3 courses of the same regimen of chemotherapy.

Second-look surgery is allowed for both arms if clinically indicated.

Quality of life (QOL) is assessed prior to treatment, after the third and sixth course of chemotherapy, and at 6 and 12 months after study. Patients who are also randomized on EORTC-55012 follow the QOL assessment schedule for EORTC-55012 only.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 704 patients will be accrued for this study within 4 years.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically proven stage IIIC or IV ovarian epithelial carcinoma, peritoneal carcinoma, or fallopian tube carcinoma

    • If biopsy is not available, evidence of adenocarcinoma by fine needle aspiration allowed if all of the following are true:

      • Presence of pelvic ovarian mass
      • Omental cake or other metastasis larger than 2 cm in the upper abdomen and/or regional lymph node metastasis
      • CA 125/carcinoembryonic antigen ratio greater than 25 (if ratio less than 25, barium enema or colonoscopy AND gastroscopy or radiological examination of the stomach must be negative for primary tumor)
      • Normal mammography (if CA 125/carcinoembryonic antigen ratio less than 25)
  • Tumor greater than 2 cm, excluding ovaries, on laparoscopy or CT scan
  • No brain or leptomeningeal metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • Not specified

Performance status:

  • WHO 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • WBC greater than 3,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin less than 1.25 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

Renal:

  • Creatinine less than 1.25 times ULN

Other:

  • No other serious disabling diseases contraindicating primary cytoreductive surgery or primary platin-based chemotherapy
  • No other prior primary malignancies except carcinoma in situ of the cervix or basal cell carcinoma of the skin
  • No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition potentially preventing protocol compliance or follow-up

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy

  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • Not specified

Surgery

  • No other prior procedures except diagnostic biopsy by laparotomy or laparoscopy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00003636

  Show 65 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Investigators
Study Chair: Ignace B. Vergote, MD, PhD U.Z. Gasthuisberg, Leuven
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Fruehauf JP, Yu I, Parker R: In vitro drug response and biomarker profiles for ovarian cancer specimens obtained at initial debulking or after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (EORTC 55971). [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 21: A-2177, 2002.

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003636     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-55971, EORTC-55971
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: August 26, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
stage III ovarian epithelial cancer
stage IV ovarian epithelial cancer
fallopian tube cancer
primary peritoneal cavity cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ovarian Neoplasms
Fallopian Tube Neoplasms
Peritoneal Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Gonadal Disorders
Fallopian Tube Diseases
Abdominal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Peritoneal Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014