S9716: Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Merkel Cell Cancer
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil in treating patients with Merkel cell cancer.
Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Skin
Drug: CMF regimen
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase II Trial of Cyclophosphamide, Methotrexate and 5-Fluorouracil (CMF) in Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Skin (Merkel Cell Carcinoma)|
|Study Start Date:||October 1998|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2003|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2001 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
OBJECTIVES: I. Investigate the ability of the Southwest Oncology Group Melanoma Committee to enroll patients with unresectable Merkel cell carcinoma that is local-regional or metastatic. II. Determine the overall survival rate and objective response rate of these patients after treatment with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil.
OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to local-regional disease versus metastatic disease. Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV, methotrexate IV, and fluorouracil IV on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicities. Patients are followed every 6 months for 2 years, then annually thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 80 patients (40 patients per stratum) will be accrued for this study.