Liposomal Amphotericin B With or Without Sargramostim in Treating Patients With Invasive Fungal Infection
RATIONALE: Drugs like liposomal amphotericin B may be able to relieve fungal infection which can be a side effect of chemotherapy. Colony-stimulating factors such as sargramostim may increase the number of immune cells found in bone marrow or peripheral blood and may help a person's immune system recover from the side effects of chemotherapy. It is not yet known whether receiving liposomal amphotericin B plus sargramostim is more effective than receiving liposomal amphotericin B alone in treating patients with invasive fungal infection.
PURPOSE: Randomized double-blinded phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of liposomal amphotericin B with or without sargramostim in treating patients with invasive fungal infection.
Drug: liposomal amphotericin B
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||Supplementary Protocol for Patients With Invasive Fungal Infection, Entered Into AML 11, AML 12 and UKALL XII (Or Their Successors)|
|Study Start Date:||July 1997|
|Study Completion Date:||December 1997|
OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the benefit of the cytokine sargramostim (GM-CSF) in resolving suspected or proven fungal infections in patients treated with systemic antifungal therapy (liposomal amphotericin B) who have been entered on protocols MRC-LEUK-AML11, AML12 or UKALLXII. II. Assess, in vitro, the effect of GM-CSF on monocyte function on cells taken from these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a double blind, supportive care study for patients on MRC-LEUK-AML11, AML12, or UKALLXII (or their successors). Patients are stratified according to proven or suspected fungal infection. Patients receive daily doses of intravenous liposomal amphotericin B based on stratification. All patients are then randomized to also receive either sargramostim (GM-CSF) (arm I) or a placebo (arm II) by subcutaneous injections (intravenous infusion over 4-6 hours is permitted if subcutaneous route is unacceptable). Treatment continues for 42 days. Some patients with localized lesions that clinically improve should be considered for surgical removal of the residual lesion. Patients may continue therapy after 42 days at the physician's discretion. Patients are assessed weekly until the end of study (particularly on day 28 and at end of study).
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: There will be 200 patients (100 in each arm) accrued into this study.
|University of Wales College of Medicine|
|Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom, CF4 4XN|
|Study Chair:||C.H. Poynton, MD||The University of New South Wales|