Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00003287
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: June 29, 2012
Last verified: June 2012
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which regimen of combination chemotherapy is more effective in treating patients with recurrent or metastatic colorectal cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to study the effectiveness of combining fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin in different ways in treating patients with recurrent or metastatic colorectal cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Colorectal Cancer
Drug: FOLFOX regimen
Drug: fluorouracil
Drug: leucovorin calcium
Drug: oxaliplatin
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: First Line Infusional 5-Fluorouracil, Folinic Acid and Oxaliplatin for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer or Loco-Regional Recurrency - Role of Chronomodulated Delivery Upon Survival - A Multicenter Randomized Phase III Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:

Estimated Enrollment: 554
Study Start Date: March 1998
Primary Completion Date: March 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the effects of chronomodulated versus nonchronomodulated infusional administration of a 3 drug high-dose chemotherapy regimen on survival in patients with locoregionally recurrent or metastatic colorectal cancer. II. Assess the antitumor effect of the combination of fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, and oxaliplatin given as first line chemotherapy in these patients. III. Assess the response rate and toxicity of this treatment in these patients. IV. Assess the quality of life of patients receiving this treatment.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to performance status (ECOG 0-1 vs 2), extent of liver involvement (none vs less than 25% vs 25% or greater), and institution. Patients are randomized into 2 arms: Arm I (chronotherapy): Patients receive a 4 day infusion of fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, and oxaliplatin administered via pump using chronomodulated delivery rates. Arm II (fixed infusion rate): Patients receive leucovorin calcium and oxaliplatin as 2 hour concurrent infusions followed by fluorouracil as a 22 hour infusion on day 1. On day 2, patients receive a 2 hour infusion of leucovorin calcium followed by a 22 hour infusion of fluorouracil. For patients on both arms, courses repeat every 2 weeks until the occurrence of disease progression, severe toxicity, or complete remission for a minimum of 4 months. Quality of life is assessed prior to treatment and 2 weeks after courses 4 and 8. Patients are followed for survival.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 554 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven locoregionally recurrent or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum Histologic or cytologic proof of adenocarcinoma consistent with colorectal cancer in a solitary lesion if plasma carcinoembryonic antigen level is no greater than normal Metastases not limited to bone, pleural effusion, or ascites Surgically resectable metastases not eligible No symptomatic brain metastasis At least one bidimensionally measurable lesion measuring at least 20 mm in one diameter outside a previously irradiated area

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 to 75 Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 2,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal Renal: No uncontrolled hypercalcemia Cardiovascular: No significant cardiac disease Pulmonary: No severe respiratory illness Neurologic: No peripheral sensory neuropathy Other: No uncontrolled infection or chronic disease No second malignancy except basal cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ carcinoma of the cervix

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior immunotherapy for locoregionally recurrent or metastatic colorectal cancer No concurrent prophylactic growth factor Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy for locoregionally recurrent or metastatic colorectal cancer At least 6 months since adjuvant chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No prior hormone therapy for locoregionally recurrent or metastatic colorectal cancer No concurrent corticosteroids Radiotherapy: See Disease Characteristics No prior radiotherapy for locoregionally recurrent or metastatic colorectal cancer Concurrent localized analgesic radiotherapy of a bone lesion permitted unless indicative of disease progression Surgery: No prior surgery for locoregionally recurrent or metastatic colorectal cancer Other: No other concurrent investigational drug

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00003287

  Show 36 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Investigators
Study Chair: Francis Levi, MD, PhD Institut de Cancerologie et D'Immunogenetique at Hopital Paul-Brousse
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Garufi C, Bjarnason GA, Giacchetti S, et al.: Independent prognostic value of the rest/activity circadian rhythm on overall survival (OS) in patients (pts) with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCC) receiving first line chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin and oxaliplatin: a companion study to EORTC 05963. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 23 (Suppl 16): A-3553, 259s, 2005.
Innominato PF, Focan C, Bjarnason GA, et al.: Quality of life (QoL) correlates with the rest/activity circadian rhythm (RAR) in patients (pts) with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCC) on first line chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin and oxaliplatin : an international multicenter study (EORTC 05963). [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 23 (Suppl 16): A-8029, 736s, 2005.
Lévi F, Gorlia T, Tubiana N, et al.: Gender as a predictor for optimal dynamic scheduling of oxaliplatin, 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Results from EORTC randomized phase III trial 05963. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 23 (Suppl 16): A-3587, 267s, 2005.
Giacchetti S, Bjarnason GA, Garufi C, et al.: First line infusion of 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin for metastatic colorectal cancer chronomodulated versus conventional delivery. A multicenter randomized trial of the EORTC chronotherapy group. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 21: A-2231, 2002.
Giacchetti S, Zidani R, Perpoint B, et al.: Phase III trial of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), folinic acid (FA), with or without oxaliplatin (OXA) in previously untreated patients (pts) with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCC). [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 16: A805, 229a, 1997.
Mormont MC, Bleuzen P, Lellouch J, et al.: Prognostic value of circadian rhythm assessment for survival of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 16: A-956, 269a, 1997.

Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003287     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-05963, EORTC-05963
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: June 29, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
stage IV colon cancer
stage IV rectal cancer
recurrent colon cancer
recurrent rectal cancer
adenocarcinoma of the colon
adenocarcinoma of the rectum

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Colonic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Intestinal Diseases
Intestinal Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Rectal Diseases
Fluorouracil
Levoleucovorin
Oxaliplatin
Antidotes
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protective Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014