Vaccine Therapy Plus Interleukin-2 in Treating Patients With Stage III or Stage IV Melanoma
Recruitment status was Active, not recruiting
RATIONALE: Vaccines made from melanoma cells may make the body build an immune response to and kill tumor cells. Colony-stimulating factors such as GM-CSF may increase the number of immune cells found in the bone marrow or peripheral blood. Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill melanoma cells. Combining vaccine therapy with GM-CSF and interleukin-2 may be kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of vaccines made from melanoma cells with or without GM-CSF followed by interleukin-2 in treating patients with stage III or stage IV melanoma.
Biological: gp100 antigen
Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Biological: tetanus peptide melanoma vaccine
Biological: tyrosinase peptide
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||Phase II Trial for the Evaluation of the Efficacy of Vaccination With Synthetic Melanoma Peptides Either Pulsed on Dendritic Cells, or Administered With GM-CSF-in-Adjuvant, Plus Administration of Sustemic IL-2, in Patients With Advanced Melanoma.|
|Study Start Date:||April 1998|
OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the effectiveness of vaccination with synthetic melanoma peptides pulsed on autologous dendritic cells versus vaccination with synthetic melanoma peptides plus sargramostim (GM-CSF) in decreasing tumor burden in patients with high risk melanoma (pulsed autologous dendritic cell arm closed 1/8/2001). II. Determine whether these regimens result in increased tumor specific immune responses as measured in vitro and in vivo. III. Determine whether these regimens stimulate T-cell responses in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is an open label study. Patients are included in treatment arm II only (arm I closed 1/8/2001): Arm I: Patients undergo leukapheresis to collect dendritic cells. Patients receive a mixture of synthetic melanoma peptides (gp100 antigen, tyrosinase, and tetanus peptides) pulsed on autologous dendritic cells IV and subcutaneously (SC). Arm II: Patients receive a mixture of synthetic melanoma peptides (gp100 antigen, tyrosinase, and tetanus peptides) and sargramostim (GM-CSF) emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 SC and intradermally. Patients receive vaccination during weeks 0, 1, 2, 4, 5, and 6 for a total of 6 doses and interleukin-2 SC daily on days 7-49. Patients receive 3 additional vaccinations at different sites not involved with the tumor concurrently with the first 3 vaccinations. Patients are evaluated at 8 weeks, 12 weeks, 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 27-54 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.
|United States, Virginia|
|Cancer Center at the University of Virginia|
|Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22908|
|Study Chair:||Craig L. Slingluff, MD||University of Virginia|