Combination Chemotherapy With or Without Valspodar in Treating Patients With Previously Untreated Acute Myeloid Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00003190
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: June 3, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy with or without PSC 833 followed by interleukin-2 or no further therapy in treating older patients who have acute myeloid leukemia. Some cancers become resistant to chemotherapy drugs. Combining PSC 833 with more than one chemotherapy drug may reduce resistance to the drugs and allow the cancer cells to be killed. Combining interleukin-2 with combination chemotherapy plus PSC 833 may kill more cancer cells.


Condition Intervention Phase
Adult Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia (M7)
Adult Acute Minimally Differentiated Myeloid Leukemia (M0)
Adult Acute Monoblastic Leukemia (M5a)
Adult Acute Monocytic Leukemia (M5b)
Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia With Maturation (M2)
Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Without Maturation (M1)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22)
Adult Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (M4)
Adult Erythroleukemia (M6a)
Adult Pure Erythroid Leukemia (M6b)
Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Drug: cytarabine
Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: etoposide
Drug: valspodar
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Study of MDR Modulation With PSC-833 (NSC #648265) Followed by Immunotherapy With rIL-2 (NSC #373364) vs. No Further Therapy in Previously Untreated Patients With AML >60 Years

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease-free survival [ Time Frame: From second randomization to relapse or death, assessed up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Analyzed by intention to treat.

  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 640
Study Start Date: January 1998
Primary Completion Date: August 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (cytarabine, daunorubicin, etoposide)
Patients receive cytarabine IV continuously over 7 days and daunorubicin IV bolus followed by etoposide IV over 2 hours on days 1-3.
Drug: cytarabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ARA-C
  • arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • arabinosylcytosine
  • Cytosar-U
  • cytosine arabinoside
Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Cerubidin
  • Cerubidine
  • daunomycin hydrochloride
  • daunorubicin
  • RP-13057
Drug: etoposide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • EPEG
  • VP-16
  • VP-16-213
Experimental: Arm II (valspodar, daunorubicin, etoposide, cytarabine)

Patients receive treatment as in arm I with the addition of PSC 833 induction. A loading dose of PSC 833 IV is given over 2 hours, followed by a 74-hour continuous infusion of PSC 833 beginning 2 hours before daunorubicin and etoposide. Patients may receive a second induction course if residual leukemia is present in the bone marrow. Patients who experience a CR and meet certain other criteria receive postremission chemotherapy consisting of cytarabine IV continuously over 5 days plus daunorubicin IV followed by etoposide IV over 2 hours on days 1 and 2. Patients who are randomized to receive PSC 833 during induction chemotherapy receive a loading dose of PSC 833 before beginning a 48-hour continuous infusion of PSC 833 concurrently with cytarabine/daunorubicin/etoposide postremission chemotherapy.

After completing postremission chemotherapy, patients are randomized to a no further treatment group or IL-2 immunotherapy.

Drug: cytarabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ARA-C
  • arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • arabinosylcytosine
  • Cytosar-U
  • cytosine arabinoside
Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Cerubidin
  • Cerubidine
  • daunomycin hydrochloride
  • daunorubicin
  • RP-13057
Drug: etoposide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • EPEG
  • VP-16
  • VP-16-213
Drug: valspodar
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Amdray
  • PSC 833

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether the addition of PSC-833 to induction chemotherapy improves complete response rates and whether the addition of PSC-833 to induction and consolidation chemotherapy improves survival for patients with AML >= 60 years.

II. To determine whether the administration of low-dose, subcutaneous rIL-2 immunotherapy with intermittent high-dose boluses after chemotherapy prolongs disease-free survival.

OUTLINE: This is a partially randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to participating center and disease characteristics (de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) versus AML with antecedent myelodysplasia). Patients are randomized to one of two maintenance therapy arms.

Arm I: Patients receive cytarabine IV continuously over 7 days and daunorubicin IV bolus followed by etoposide IV over 2 hours on days 1-3.

Arm II: Patients receive treatment as in arm I with the addition of PSC 833 induction. A loading dose of PSC 833 IV is given over 2 hours, followed by a 74-hour continuous infusion of PSC 833 beginning 2 hours before daunorubicin and etoposide. Patients may receive a second induction course if residual leukemia is present in the bone marrow. Patients who experience a complete remission (CR) and meet certain other criteria receive postremission chemotherapy consisting of cytarabine IV continuously over 5 days plus daunorubicin IV followed by etoposide IV over 2 hours on days 1 and 2. Patients who are randomized to receive PSC 833 during induction chemotherapy receive a loading dose of PSC 833 before beginning a 48-hour continuous infusion of PSC 833 concurrently with cytarabine/daunorubicin/etoposide postremission chemotherapy.

After completing postremission chemotherapy, patients are randomized to a no further treatment group or interleukin-2 (IL-2) immunotherapy. Treatment begins within 5 months of postremission chemotherapy. IL-2 immunotherapy consists of low-dose subcutaneous (SC) IL-2 on days 1-14, 19-28, 33-42, 47-56, 61-70, and 75-90 and high-dose bolus SC IL-2 on days 15-17, 29-31, 43-45, 57-59, and 71-73.

Patients are followed every 2 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 2 years, annually until the tenth year, and then at relapse.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Unequivocal histologic diagnosis of AML, FAB classification (M0-M7), excluding M3 (acute promyelocytic leukemia); patients with a history of antecedent myelodysplasia remain eligible for treatment on this trial
  • No prior treatment for acute leukemia or myelodysplasia with four permissible exceptions:

    • Emergency leukapheresis;
    • Emergency treatment for hyperleukocytosis with hyroxyurea;
    • Cranial RT for CNS leukostasis (one dose only);
    • Growth factor/cytokine support.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00003190

Locations
United States, Illinois
Cancer and Leukemia Group B
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60606
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Maria Baer Cancer and Leukemia Group B
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003190     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02793, CALGB-9720, U10CA031946
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: June 3, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Congenital Abnormalities
Leukemia
Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute
Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute
Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Cytarabine
Etoposide phosphate
Daunorubicin
Etoposide
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 24, 2014