Biological Therapy in Treating Patients With Glioblastoma Multiforme
RATIONALE: Biological therapies use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of biological therapy in treating patients with glioblastoma multiforme.
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
Biological: autologous tumor cell vaccine
Biological: tumor-draining lymph node lymphocyte therapy
Procedure: conventional surgery
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||Adoptive Immunotherapy of Glioblastoma Multiforme With Tumor-Sensitized, Ex Vivo Activated T Lymphocytes|
|Study Start Date:||August 1997|
|Study Completion Date:||July 1998|
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the time to progression in patients with glioblastoma multiforme or anaplastic astrocytoma (primary presentation) treated with surgical resection, radiotherapy, and T cell immunotherapy as initial therapy. II. Determine the toxic effects of this therapy in these patients.
OUTLINE: Patients are vaccinated with irradiated, autologous tumor cells plus sargramostim (GM-CSF) intradermally near draining lymph nodes in the groin or axillary regions. This is then followed by 3 consecutive days of intradermal injections of GM-CSF only, directly into the vaccine sites. Enlarged lymph nodes are then removed 7-10 days later and activated with staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) and interleukin-2 (IL-2). T cells are expanded ex vivo over approximately 10 days. 1-2 days prior to infusion, oral cyclophosphamide is administered as a one time dose. The lymphocyte infusion is then administered intravenously. Based on availability, patients may receive vaccine boosts with additional injections of irradiated autologous tumor cells thawed from the original, cryopreserved collection. Patients are followed at 1 month and then every 2 months thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 40 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.
|United States, Ohio|
|Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center|
|Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195|
|Study Chair:||Suyu Shu, PhD||The Cleveland Clinic|