Radiation Therapy and Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Cancer of the Pancreas or Stomach

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00003157
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: February 6, 2009
Last verified: April 2007
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining radiation therapy with chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of radiation therapy plus chemotherapy in treating patients who have cancer of the pancreas or stomach.


Condition Intervention Phase
Gastric Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Gemcitabine, Cisplatin, and Radiation Therapy in Patients With Locally Advanced Pancreatic and Gastric Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: February 1998
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of gemcitabine and cisplatin that can be administered during a standard course of radiation therapy for patients with unresectable or locally recurrent pancreatic and gastric cancer. II. Describe the tolerance of gemcitabine, cisplatin, and radiation therapy in this patient population. III. Seek preliminary evidence of the therapeutic activity of this regimen in this patient population as measured by survival.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study. Patients undergo radiotherapy to the tumor and lymph nodes, followed by a decrease in radiotherapy to the tumor alone. Radiation therapy is administered for a total of 5.5 weeks. Patients receive intravenous gemcitabine twice weekly on Tuesday and Friday over the first 3 weeks of radiotherapy. Cisplatin is administered intravenously twice weekly following gemcitabine therapy. Three patients are treated at each dose level. Dose escalation does not occur until all patients at a given dose level have completed radiotherapy and returned for a 4 week follow up. The dose limiting toxicity (DLT) is defined as the dose at which at least 2 of 6 patients experience unacceptable toxic effects. The maximum tolerated dose is defined as the dose at which no more than 1 of 6 patients experiences DLT. Patients exhibiting stable disease remain on therapy until disease progression or intolerable toxic effects. Patients experiencing toxic effects and no disease progression are retreated at a lower dose. Patients are followed every 3 months for the first 2 years then every 6 months for the next year.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 6-30 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven unresectable (including incomplete resections) or locally recurrent pancreatic or gastric cancer No evidence of metastases outside of the planned radiation field No cystadenocarcinoma of the pancreas or pancreatic tumors of neuroendocrine origin

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance Status: ECOG 0-1 Life Expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 2,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin within normal limits Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 3.0 times upper limit of normal (ULN) AST no greater than 3.0 times ULN Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.3 times ULN Other: Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception No significant infection or medical illness No significant nausea or vomiting At least 1200 calories per day of oral nutrition

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior or concurrent biologic therapy Chemotherapy: No prior or concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy (except focal fields for skin cancer that do not overlap with planned radiotherapy fields) Surgery: At least 21 days since laparotomy surgery

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00003157

Locations
United States, Arizona
CCOP - Scottsdale Oncology Program
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259-5404
United States, Illinois
CCOP - Illinois Oncology Research Association
Peoria, Illinois, United States, 61602
CCOP - Carle Cancer Center
Urbana, Illinois, United States, 61801
United States, Iowa
CCOP - Cedar Rapids Oncology Project
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, United States, 52403-1206
CCOP - Iowa Oncology Research Association
Des Moines, Iowa, United States, 50309-1016
Siouxland Hematology-Oncology
Sioux City, Iowa, United States, 51101-1733
United States, Kansas
CCOP - Wichita
Wichita, Kansas, United States, 67214-3882
United States, Minnesota
CCOP - Duluth
Duluth, Minnesota, United States, 55805
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
CentraCare Clinic
Saint Cloud, Minnesota, United States, 56303
CCOP - Metro-Minnesota
Saint Louis Park, Minnesota, United States, 55416
United States, Nebraska
CCOP - Missouri Valley Cancer Consortium
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68131
United States, North Dakota
Medcenter One Health System
Bismarck, North Dakota, United States, 58501
Altru Health Systems
Grand Forks, North Dakota, United States, 58201
United States, Ohio
CCOP - Toledo Community Hospital Oncology Program
Toledo, Ohio, United States, 43623-3456
United States, Pennsylvania
CCOP - Geisinger Clinic and Medical Center
Danville, Pennsylvania, United States, 17822-2001
United States, South Dakota
Rapid City Regional Hospital
Rapid City, South Dakota, United States, 57709
CCOP - Sioux Community Cancer Consortium
Sioux Falls, South Dakota, United States, 57105-1080
Sponsors and Collaborators
North Central Cancer Treatment Group
Investigators
Study Chair: James A. Martenson, MD Mayo Clinic
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Martenson JA Jr, Viglitotti AG, Geeraerts LH, et al.: Phase I study of twice weekly gemcitabine (GEM) and cisplatin (CDDP) during radiation therapy (RT) for advanced pancreas and gastric cancer: a progress report. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology A-2305, 2001.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003157     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000065949, NCCTG-964352
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: February 6, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage IV gastric cancer
recurrent gastric cancer
recurrent pancreatic cancer
stage IV pancreatic cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stomach Neoplasms
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Gemcitabine
Cisplatin
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 19, 2014