Edrecolomab in Treating Patients With Stage II Colon Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002968
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: June 4, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of surgery with or without monoclonal antibody therapy in treating patients who have stage II colon cancer. Monoclonal antibodies such as edrecolomab can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. It is not yet known whether surgery to remove colon cancer is more effect with or without monoclonal antibody therapy.


Condition Intervention Phase
Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Colon
Signet Ring Adenocarcinoma of the Colon
Stage IIA Colon Cancer
Stage IIB Colon Cancer
Stage IIC Colon Cancer
Biological: edrecolomab
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Randomized Study of Adjuvant Immunotherapy With Monoclonal Antibody 17-1A Versus No Adjuvant Therapy Following Resection for State II (Modified Astler-Coller B2) Adenocarcinoma of the Colon

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Survival [ Time Frame: From time of randomization to death from any cause, assessed up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Compared using the logrank test.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease-free intervals [ Time Frame: From time of randomization to colon cancer recurrence where deaths without recurrence will be censored at the time of death, assessed up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Compared using the logrank test.

  • Disease-free survival [ Time Frame: From time of randomization to colon cancer recurrence or death from any cause, assessed up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Compared using the logrank test.


Enrollment: 2100
Study Start Date: May 1997
Primary Completion Date: July 2003 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (edrecolomab)
Patients receive adjuvant edrecolomab IV over 2 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 5 courses. Patients must begin therapy no earlier than 7 days and no later than 42 days postsurgical resection. Patients also undergo observation at 3 and 6 months postrandomization.
Biological: edrecolomab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • MOAB 17-1A
  • monoclonal antibody 17-1A
  • Panorex
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
No Intervention: Arm II (no treatment)
Patients undergo observation at 3 and 6 months postrandomization. .

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether adjuvant treatment with MoAb 17-1A will improve the probability of overall and disease-free survival, and increase disease-free intervals in patients who have undergone resection of a Stage II colon cancer.

II. To determine whether alterations in the expression of cell cycle related genes (thymidylate synthase, p53, and the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21 and p27) predict the risk of survival and recurrence in this patient population.

III. To determine whether alterations in markers of metastatic potential-expression of DCC and measures of tumor angiogenesis (microvascular density and vascular endothelial growth factor expression)-predict the risk of survival and recurrence in this patient population.

IV. To determine whether a marker of cellular differentiation-sucrase isomaltase-predicts the risk of survival and recurrence in this patient population.

V. To determine whether DNA ploidy and cell proliferation are prognostic of tumor recurrence and overall survival in Stage II colon cancer.

VI. To determine whether interactions among these tumor markers identify subsets of patients with significantly altered outcome.

VII. To determine whether pathologic features including tumor grade; tumor mitotic (proliferation) index; tumor border configuration; host lymphoid response to tumor; and lymphatic vessel, venous vessel and perineural invasion predict outcome in this patient population.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to degree of differentiation (well vs moderately well vs poor), vascular or lymphatic invasion (no vs yes), and preoperative serum CEA (less than 5.0 ng/mL vs at least 5.0 ng/mL vs unknown). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

Arm I: Patients receive adjuvant edrecolomab IV over 2 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 5 courses. Patients must begin therapy no earlier than 7 days and no later than 42 days post-surgical resection. Patients also undergo observation at 3 and 6 months post-randomization.

Arm II: Patients undergo observation at 3 and 6 months post-randomization.

Patients are followed after the last course of edrecolomab (arm I) and at 12 months (arm II). All patients are followed every 6 months for 5 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologic documentation of adenocarcinoma of the colon with or without penetration of the serosa with no lymph node metastases (Stage II pT3N0 or pT4bNO lesions, excluding pT4aN0; Modified Astler-Coller Stage B2); there can be no distant metastases or penetration of adjacent organs or structures; proximal, distal, and radial margins must be free of tumor Important note: A tumor nodule > 3 mm in diameter in the perirectal or pericolonic adipose tissue without histologic evidence of residual node in the nodule is classified as regional/pericolonic node metastasis; however, a tumor nodule =< 3 mm in diameter is classified in the T category as discontinuous extension (i.e., pT3); multiple metastatic foci seen microscopically only in the pericolonic fat should be considered as metastasis in a single lymph node for classification; although six or more nodes evaluated from the specimen is optimal, a minimum of three nodes (periodic or mesenteric) for evaluation is required for inclusion in the study
  • Complete, en bloc resection of all the primary tumor, performed as an open procedure, and not laparoscopically or laparoscopically assisted
  • No evidence of perforation or clinical obstruction of the bowel
  • The gross distal margin of the primary tumor must lie above the peritoneal reflection (i.e., it must be a colon, not a rectal cancer)
  • No previous radiation or chemotherapy for this malignancy
  • CALGB Performance status 0-1
  • No concurrent treatment with systemic steroids is allowed; patients receiving replacement steroids for adrenal insufficiency are eligible; patients receiving inhaled steroids in daily doses of 500mg or less and patients being treated with topical steroids are eligible
  • No prior exposure to murine antibodies (e.g., diagnostic tests like the "oncoscint scan")
  • No uncontrolled or severe cardiovascular disease
  • No history of pancreatitis
  • Non-pregnant and non-lactating; patients of child-bearing potential should agree to use an effective method of birth control
  • No previous or concurrent malignancy is allowed, except inactive non-melanoma skin cancer, in situ carcinoma of the cervix, or other cancer if the patient has been disease-free for >= 5 years; patients with more than one synchronous primary colon tumor are eligible; for the purpose of this protocol, staging classification will be based on the stage of the more advanced primary tumor
  • Granulocytes > 1,800/μl
  • Platelet count > 100,000/μl
  • BUN < 1.5 x normal
  • Creatinine < 1.5 x normal
  • Bilirubin < 1.5 x normal
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00002968

Locations
United States, Illinois
Cancer and Leukemia Group B
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60606
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Thomas Colacchio Cancer and Leukemia Group B
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002968     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02826, NCIC CTG CO.14, CLB-9581, CDR0000065473, C9581, CAN-NCIC-CO14, U10CA031946
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: June 4, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Adenocarcinoma
Colonic Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous
Cystadenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous
Antibodies
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Monoclonal antibody 17-1A
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 16, 2014