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Monoclonal Antibody Therapy in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome or Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002890
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: June 24, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of radiolabeled monoclonal antibody in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome or relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia or chronic myelogenous leukemia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Biological: lintuzumab
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: PHASE I DOSE-ESCALATION TRIAL OF YTTRIUM-90-LABELED HuM195 (HUMANIZED ANTI-CD33) IN PATIENTS WITH ADVANCED MYELOID MALIGNANCIES

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center:

Estimated Enrollment: 24
Study Start Date: October 1996
Study Completion Date: January 2001
Primary Completion Date: January 2001 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the safety and toxicity of yttrium-90-labeled humanized monoclonal antibody M195 (90Y-MOAB HuM195) in patients with relapsed or refractory myeloid malignancies. II. Determine the pharmacology and dosimetry of 90Y-MOAB HuM195. III. Study the biological effects of 90Y-MOAB HuM195, including the ability to elicit human anti-human antibody responses and antileukemic responses.

OUTLINE: This study seeks to estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of yttrium-90-labeled humanized monoclonal antibody M195 (90Y-MOAB HuM195). All patients receive a single intravenous dose of 90Y-MOAB HuM195. Groups of 3 to 6 patients are treated at escalated doses of yttrium-90 until the MTD is determined. Patients with active leukemia who exhibit at least a 50% clearing of marrow blasts after the first dose may receive a second dose after 4-8 weeks provided remaining blasts are CD33-positive, there is no evidence of human anti-human antibody response, and any toxicity has resolved. All patients are followed monthly for 4 months after treatment.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Up to 24 patients will be treated. The study is expected to require 12-18 months to complete.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Pathologically confirmed myeloid malignancies as follows: Acute myelogenous leukemia that is relapsed or refractory after at least 2 courses of standard induction chemotherapy Accelerated or myeloblastic chronic myelogenous leukemia Refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) RAEB in transformation Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia More than 25% of bone marrow blasts positive for the CD33 antigen Clear signs of active leukemia following recovery from prior therapy required No rapidly accelerating blast count No clinically unstable disease No active CNS leukemia

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Over 16 Performance status: Karnofsky 60%-100% Life expectancy: At least 6 weeks Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.5 mg/dL AST less than 3 times normal Alkaline phosphatase less than 3 times normal Renal: Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No NYHA class III/IV status Pulmonary: No clinically significant pulmonary disease Other: No serious infection uncontrolled by antibiotics No pregnant or nursing women Negative pregnancy test required of fertile women

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Recovered from prior therapy Biologic therapy: No detectable antibodies to M195 from prior monoclonal antibody M195 or HuM195 Chemotherapy: At least 2 days since hydroxyurea At least 3 weeks since other chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: At least 3 weeks since radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00002890

Locations
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Investigators
Study Chair: Joseph G. Jurcic, MD Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002890     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 96-010, CDR0000065213, NCI-H96-1100
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: June 24, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center:
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia
relapsing chronic myelogenous leukemia
accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
blastic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
refractory anemia with excess blasts
refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation
chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
de novo myelodysplastic syndromes
previously treated myelodysplastic syndromes
childhood myelodysplastic syndromes

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Syndrome
Bone Marrow Diseases
Disease
Hematologic Diseases
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Pathologic Processes
Precancerous Conditions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 27, 2014