Prevention of Graft-Versus-Host Disease in Patients With Hematologic Malignancies Who Are Receiving a Bone Marrow Transplant
RATIONALE: Bone marrow transplantation may be able to replace immune cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy used to kill tumor cells. Sometimes the transplanted cells can make an immune response against the body's normal tissues. Treatment with sirolimus, methotrexate, and cyclosporine may prevent this from happening.
PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of sirolimus plus methotrexate and cyclosporine in preventing graft-versus-host disease in patients with hematologic malignancies who are receiving a bone marrow transplant.
Graft Versus Host Disease
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||A PHASE I/II STUDY OF RAPAMYCIN (SIROLIMUS) IN COMBINATION WITH METHOTREXATE (MTX) AND CYCLOSPORINE (CPS) IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING MARROW TRANSPLANTATION FROM RELATED DONORS MISMATCHED FOR ONE HLA ANTIGEN IN THE DIRECTION OF GRAFT-VERSUS-HOST DISEASE (GVHD)|
|Study Start Date:||March 1996|
OBJECTIVES: I. Estimate the maximum tolerated dose of rapamycin that can be safely combined with standard methotrexate/cyclosporine prophylaxis for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in patients with hematologic disorders who have received a bone marrow transplant from a related donor who is mismatched for 1 HLA-A, -B, or -DR antigen in the GVHD direction.
OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study. Groups of 6-12 patients receive escalating doses of rapamycin until the maximum tolerated dose of rapamycin given in combination with methotrexate/cyclosporine is determined. All patients receive cyclosporine from the day prior to transplant until day 50 post-transplant; the dose is then tapered over 130 days. Methotrexate is given on days 1, 3, and 6 post-transplant. Rapamycin is given every other day, days 7-59. Bone marrow transplantation occurs on day 0. Patients may not receive concurrent therapy with agents that could interfere with rapamycin metabolism, intravenous lipids, FK506 or other immunosuppressive agents (prednisone allowed), NSAIDs, or other cytotoxic agents. Patients are followed at 6 months for 2 years, then annually.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 12-36 patients will be accrued over 1-2.5 years.
|Study Chair:||H. Joachim Deeg, MD||Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center|