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Exemestane Compared With Tamoxifen in Treating Women With Locally Recurrent or Metastatic Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002777
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: June 29, 2012
Last verified: June 2012
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Estrogen can stimulate the growth of breast cancer cells. Hormone therapy using exemestane or tamoxifen may fight cancer by blocking the uptake of estrogen.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II/III trial to compare the effectiveness of exemestane with that of tamoxifen in treating postmenopausal women who have locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Drug: exemestane
Drug: tamoxifen citrate
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: RANDOMIZED PHASE II STUDY IN FIRST LINE HORMONAL TREATMENT FOR METASTATIC BREAST CANCER WITH EXEMESTANE OR TAMOXIFEN IN POSTMENOPAUSAL PATIENTS

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:

Estimated Enrollment: 342
Study Start Date: May 1996
Primary Completion Date: December 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Compare the efficacy of exemestane vs tamoxifen, in terms of progression-free survival, in postmenopausal women with locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer.
  • Determine the safety profile of exemestane in these patients.
  • Compare the overall survival of these patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. (Phase II of this study closed as of 6/14/00). Patients are stratified by participating center, prior adjuvant tamoxifen (yes vs no), prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease (yes vs no), and dominant site of metastasis (visceral with or without others vs bone only vs bone and soft tissue vs soft tissue only).

Patients are randomized to receive either oral exemestane or oral tamoxifen daily. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 18 months and then at least every 6 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 342 patients will be accrued for this study within 4.7 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically proven adenocarcinoma of the breast that is metastatic and progressive or locally recurrent and inoperable
  • At least one bidimensionally measurable or evaluable lesion

    • Lytic bone lesions on x-ray/CT scan, surrounded by calcified bone, and at least 1 cm
    • Bidimensionally measurable extraosseous disease required for patients on bisphosphonates
    • The following are not considered evaluable:

      • Previously irradiated lesions
      • Lymphangitic spread
      • Ascites
      • Blastic bone lesions
      • Pleural effusions
  • No rapidly progressive disease for which hormonal therapy is not indicated
  • No massive visceral disease (i.e., more than one third of any organ)
  • No brain metastases
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Estrogen receptor positive or progesterone receptor positive, defined by 1 of the following:

      • At least 10 femtomoles H3-estrogen or at least 20 femtomoles
      • H3 progesterone binding per mg of cytosol protein by DCC or sucrose density method
      • At least 0.10 femtomoles H3-estrogen or at least 0.20 femtomoles
      • H3-progesterone binding per mg of DNA by IF/EIA technique
      • Positive immunohistochemistry noted on pathology report
    • Unknown receptor status eligible provided:

      • Disease-free interval of at least 2 years since adjuvant therapy or initial surgery (if no adjuvant therapy), including most recently treated tumor in bilateral breast cancer if status unknown in one primary tumor

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 and over

Sex:

  • Female

Menopausal status:

  • Postmenopausal by 1 of the following:

    • Natural menopause and more than 1 year since last menstrual period (LMP)
    • Radiation-induced oophorectomy and more than 1 year since LMP
    • Chemotherapy induced menopause if:

      • At least 1 year since LMP (+ 1 year post-tamoxifen)
      • Serum FSH and LH and plasma estradiol levels in postmenopausal range
      • LHRH-induced amenorrhea
    • Surgical castration

      • Patients under age 56 with prior hysterectomy and 1 or both ovaries intact or tamoxifen-induced amenorrhea with at least 12 months since prior tamoxifen must have postmenopausal serum FSH and LH and plasma estradiol concentrations

Performance status:

  • ECOG (WHO) 0-2

Hematopoietic:

  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin less than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • SGOT/SGPT less than 2.5 times ULN (less than 5 times ULN with liver metastases)

Renal:

  • Creatinine less than 1.5 times ULN

Cardiovascular:

  • No deep venous thrombosis

Other:

  • No mental incapacitation
  • No severe concurrent disease
  • No prior or concurrent malignancy except curatively treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix or basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • No concurrent immunotherapy

Chemotherapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 3 weeks since chemotherapy for metastatic disease and recovered
  • No more than 1 prior chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease
  • Prior adjuvant chemotherapy allowed if disease free for at least 6 months
  • No concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • No prior hormonal therapy for advanced disease (e.g., tamoxifen or LHRH agonists)
  • Prior adjuvant tamoxifen allowed if disease free for at least 6 months
  • No other concurrent hormonal therapy, including steroids

Radiotherapy:

  • Recovered from toxic effects of prior radiotherapy
  • Concurrent palliative radiotherapy, including whole brain irradiation, allowed

Surgery:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior ovariectomy for advanced disease

Other:

  • No other concurrent investigational drugs
  • Concurrent bisphosphonates allowed if short term (7 days) for hypercalcemia due to suspect tumor flare or if on prior bisphosphonates with bidimensionally measurable extraosseous lesion
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00002777

  Show 48 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Investigators
Study Chair: Robert Paridaens, MD, PhD U.Z. Gasthuisberg
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Paridaens R, Therasse P, Dirix L, et al.: First line hormonal treatment (HT) for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) with exemestane (E) or tamoxifen (T) in postmenopausal patients (pts): A randomized phase III trial of the EORTC Breast group. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 22 (Suppl 14): A-515, 6s, 2004.
Paridaens R, Therasse P, Dirix L, et al.: First results of a randomized phase III trial comparing exemestane versus tamoxifen as first-line hormone therapy (HT) for postmenopausal women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) : EORTC 10951 in collaboration with the exemestane working group and NCIC Clinical Trials Group. [Abstract] Eur J Cancer 2 (Suppl 3): A-241, 126, 2004.

Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002777     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-10951, EORTC-10951, PHARMACIA-EORTC-10951
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: June 29, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
stage IV breast cancer
recurrent breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases
Exemestane
Tamoxifen
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Aromatase Inhibitors
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Estrogen Antagonists
Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014