Combination Chemotherapy Plus Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Cancer of the Esophagus

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
North Central Cancer Treatment Group
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002631
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: November 18, 2013
Last verified: November 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. It is not known whether high-dose radiation therapy is more effective than standard dose radiation therapy in treating cancer of the esophagus.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy plus high- or standard-dose radiation therapy in treating patients with cancer of the esophagus.


Condition Intervention Phase
Esophageal Cancer
Drug: chemotherapy
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: fluorouracil
Radiation: low-LET electron therapy
Radiation: low-LET photon therapy
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A PHASE III INTERGROUP RANDOMIZED COMPARISON OF COMBINED MODALITY THERAPY FOR CARCINOMA OF THE ESOPHAGUS: HIGH-DOSE VS CONVENTIONAL-DOSE RADIATION THERAPY

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Radiation Therapy Oncology Group:

Estimated Enrollment: 298
Study Start Date: June 1995
Primary Completion Date: September 1999 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare, using a prospective controlled randomized study design, the survival and failure patterns associated with conventional-dose radiotherapy and fluorouracil/cisplatin (5-FU/CDDP) vs. high-dose radiotherapy and 5-FU/CDDP in patients with esophageal cancer. II. Compare the tolerance and quality of life of patients receiving these therapies.

OUTLINE: Randomized study. Arm I: Radiotherapy plus 2-Drug Combination Chemotherapy/Radiosensitization. Tumor irradiation using megavoltage photons of at least 6 MV (electrons may be used if required to boost supraclavicular fossa dose); plus Cisplatin, CDDP, NSC-119875; Fluorouracil, 5-FU, NSC-19893. High-dose radiotherapy. Arm II: Radiotherapy plus 2-Drug Combination Chemotherapy/Radiosensitization. Tumor irradiation as in Arm I; plus CDDP/5-FU. Conventional-dose radiotherapy.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Up to 298 patients will be entered over 4 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Biopsy-proven primary squamous cell or adenocarcinoma of the esophagus Clinical Stage T1-4, Nx, M0 disease required Disease entirely confined to the esophagus and periesophageal soft tissue with no tumor extension within 2 cm proximal to the stomach No biopsy-proven invasion of the tracheal-bronchial tree or tracheal-esophageal (TE) fistula Bronchoscopy of tracheal-bronchial tree required for lesions less than 30 cm from the incisors to exclude TE fistula Negative liver biopsy required if liver CT suggestive of metastatic disease Negative biopsy required for enlarged (1.5 cm or greater) retroperitoneal or celiac nodes seen on CT Negative biopsy of clinically or radiographically positive supraclavicular nodes required with cervical primaries No recurrent disease No multiple carcinomas of the esophagus

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 60%-100% Hematopoietic: WBC at least 4,000 Platelets at least 150,000 Hb at least 10 g/dL Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Creatinine normal OR Creatinine clearance at least 65 mL/min Nutrition: Recommended oral intake requirements (by mouth or tube feeding): More than 1.5 x Basal Energy Expenditure (BEE) measured by Harris- Benedict equation OR More than 1,000 calories/sqm of body surface area (BSA) Intravenous hyperalimentation (recommended if inadequate oral intake): 1.75-2.25 x BEE OR 1,200-1,600 calories/sqm BSA Upper limits may be waived for hypermetabolic patients Other: No second malignancy within 5 years except: Curable nonmelanomatous skin cancer Cervical cancer in situ No pregnant or nursing women

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior or concurrent growth factor administration Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior chest irradiation Surgery: No prior resection

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00002631

Locations
United States, Arizona
CCOP - Scottsdale Oncology Program
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259-5404
United States, Illinois
CCOP - Illinois Oncology Research Association
Peoria, Illinois, United States, 61602
CCOP - Carle Cancer Center
Urbana, Illinois, United States, 61801
United States, Iowa
CCOP - Cedar Rapids Oncology Project
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, United States, 52403-1206
CCOP - Iowa Oncology Research Association
Des Moines, Iowa, United States, 10309-1016
Siouxland Hematology-Oncology
Sioux City, Iowa, United States, 51101-1733
United States, Kansas
CCOP - Wichita
Wichita, Kansas, United States, 67214-3882
United States, Minnesota
CCOP - Duluth
Duluth, Minnesota, United States, 55805
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
CentraCare Clinic
Saint Cloud, Minnesota, United States, 56303
United States, North Dakota
Quain & Ramstad Clinic, P.C.
Bismarck, North Dakota, United States, 58501
CCOP - Merit Care Hospital
Fargo, North Dakota, United States, 58122
Altru Health Systems
Grand Forks, North Dakota, United States, 58201
United States, Ohio
CCOP - Toledo Community Hospital Oncology Program
Toledo, Ohio, United States, 43623-3456
United States, Pennsylvania
CCOP - Geisinger Clinical and Medical Center
Danville, Pennsylvania, United States, 17822-2001
United States, South Dakota
Rapid City Regional Hospital
Rapid City, South Dakota, United States, 57709
CCOP - Sioux Community Cancer Consortium
Sioux Falls, South Dakota, United States, 57105-1080
Canada, Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan Cancer Agency
Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, S4S 6X3
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
North Central Cancer Treatment Group
Investigators
Study Chair: Bruce D. Minsky, MD Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Study Chair: Thomas M. Pisansky, MD Mayo Clinic
Study Chair: James A. Martenson, MD Mayo Clinic
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Kachnic LA, Scott C, Ginsberg R, et al.: One year follow-up reveals no difference in quality of life between high dose and conventional dose radiation: a quality of life assessment of RTOG 94-05. [Abstract] Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 51 (3 suppl 1): A-172, 97, 2001.
Minsky BD, Berkey B, Kelsen DK, et al.: Preliminary results of Intergroup INT 0123 randomized trial of combined modality therapy (CMT) for esophagel cancer: standard vs high dose radiation therapy. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 19: A927, 2000.

Responsible Party: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002631     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RTOG-9405, CDR0000064043, E-R9405, NCCTG-914051, INT-0123
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: November 18, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Radiation Therapy Oncology Group:
stage I esophageal cancer
stage II esophageal cancer
stage III esophageal cancer
squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus
adenocarcinoma of the esophagus

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Esophageal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Cisplatin
Fluorouracil
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014