Combination Chemotherapy Compared With Mitoxantrone in Treating Older Patients With Advanced Breast Cancer
Recruitment status was Active, not recruiting
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Giving drugs in different combinations may kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil with mitoxantrone in treating older patients with recurrent or metastatic breast cancer.
Drug: CMF regimen
Drug: mitoxantrone hydrochloride
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||CMF AND MITOXANTRONE IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH ADVANCED BREAST CANCER, A RANDOMIZED PHASE II STUDY|
|Study Start Date:||July 1992|
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the response rate and duration of response of elderly patients with advanced breast cancer treated with first-line chemotherapy with mitigated "classical" CMF (cyclophosphamide/methotrexate/fluorouracil) vs. mitoxantrone (DHAD). II. Define the morbidity of CMF and DHAD in elderly patients. III. Determine quality of life in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified by participating institution. The first group receives oral cyclophosphamide on days 1 through 14 and intravenous methotrexate and fluorouracil on days 1 and 8. Courses repeat every 4 weeks for a maximum of 6 courses. The second group receives intravenous mitoxantrone every 3 weeks for a maximum of 8 courses. Concomitant therapy with hepatotoxic or nephrotoxic drugs (e.g., NSAIDs) or corticosteroids (even as antiemetics) is not permitted in either group. Radiotherapy is allowed provided no more than 50% of the bone marrow is irradiated and at least 1 indicator lesion is unirradiated. Patients who complete therapy are followed every 3 months until disease progression.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 60 patients will be accrued over approximately 1 year. If extreme differences between arms exist after entry of 30 patients, accrual may be stopped early.
|Leiden University Medical Center|
|Leiden, Netherlands, 2300 ZA|
|St. Radboud University Hospital|
|Nijmegen, Netherlands, 6500 HB|
|Study Chair:||Marianne A. Nooij, MD||Leiden University Medical Center|