The Safety and Effectiveness of Ribavirin in the Early Stages of HIV-Infection

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002298
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: March 1998
  Purpose

The objective of this clinical trial is to determine whether long-term oral dosage of ribavirin delays development of symptomatic HIV disease in HIV antibody positive subjects who are completely asymptomatic (CDC classification group II), who have only the lymphadenopathy syndrome (CDC classification group III), or who have clinical symptoms but not severe HIV disease as defined by CDC classification, and whether the dosage regimen is safe and tolerable in these subjects.


Condition Intervention
HIV Infections
Drug: Ribavirin

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Long-Term Efficacy and Tolerance of Oral Ribavirin Compared to Placebo as a Preventative in Early Stages of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection - United States

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Acyclovir.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms and conditions are excluded:

  • CDC classification group IV A (ARC).
  • CDC classification group IV C-1 (AIDS) and IV C-2 (including Thrush or Herpes zoster during the past 2 years). Positive plasma p24 antigen.
  • Unstable medical condition, including serious cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, neurologic, infectious, or oncologic condition even if unrelated to HIV infection.
  • Splenectomy.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Isoprinosine.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Failure to give informed consent.
  • CDC classification group IV A (ARC).
  • CDC classification group IV C-1 (AIDS) and IV C-2 (including Thrush or Herpes zoster during the past 2 years).

Positive plasma p24 antigen.

  • Unstable medical condition, including serious cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, neurologic, infectious, or oncologic condition even if unrelated to HIV infection.
  • Splenectomy.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 4 weeks of start of screening tests:

  • Zidovudine.
  • Other drug with scientifically accepted anti-HIV properties.
  • Scientifically accepted immunostimulant treatment.
  • Immunosuppressant.
  • Myelosuppressant or other known toxic drugs.

HIV infection group II (CDC), asymptomatic HIV infection.

  • HIV antibody positive by Western blot with antibodies to p24 band and GP160 band and/or GP41. Two positive tests during screening will be required. CDC HIV infection group II, asymptomatic HIV infection, as defined in Appendix A, or CDC HIV infection group III, persistent generalized lymphadenopathy (PGL, formerly LAS).
  • OKT4+ lymphocyte count greater than 300 cells/mm3 and less than 600 cells/mm3. The counts will be determined on three separate evaluations separated by at least 7 days between evaluations. These three counts will be averaged and for inclusion in the study the mean of the OKT4+ lymphocyte count must be greater than 200 cells/mm3 and less than 600 cells/mm3. Conclusion of screening tests:
  • Within 42 days of starting them. Patients must be entered into the study within 14 days of screening completion. Ability to participate as outpatient:
  • Ambulatory, competent to sign informed consent, and able to cooperate with the treatment plan and evaluation schedule. Informed consent:
  • Must be signed before randomization to treatment. Physical activity evaluation with Karnofsky score greater than or equal to 90.
  Contacts and Locations
No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002298     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 013A
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
Ribavirin
AIDS-Related Complex

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Ribavirin
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 14, 2014