Safety, Tolerability, and Effectiveness of CGP77116 in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the nervous system. The exact cause of MS is unknown, but it is believed to be an autoimmune condition. Autoimmune conditions are diseases that cause the body's immune system and natural defenses to attack healthy cells. In the case of MS, the immune system begins attacking myelin, the cells that make up the sheath covering nerves. Without myelin nerves are unable to transmit signals effectively and symptoms occur.
Researchers are interested in testing the safety, tolerability, and effectiveness of a new therapy (CGP77116) for Multiple Sclerosis (MS). CGP77116 is a small protein similar to the protein in myelin. CGP77116 is designed to modify the immune reaction that destroys normal myelin. CGP77116 is an experimental therapy meaning it has not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. However, in preliminary studies on animal it has been shown to be effective at modifying the autoimmune reaction associated with the development of MS.
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and effect of CGP77116 on disease activity in patients with Multiple Sclerosis as measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and immunological studies.
The study is broken into three parts:
I) BASELINE: in the first part of the study patients will undergo 6 MRIs over a 5 month period. During this time, patients will be evaluated based on the presence of MS lesions seen on MRI. Patients whose MS lesions are highly active will be entered into the second part of the study.
II) TREATMENT: in the second part of the study, patients with active MS lesions will begin receiving CGP77116. The drug will be given by injection once a week for one month and then once a month for 8 additional months.
III) FOLLOW-UP: in the third and final part of the study, patients will undergo an MRI every 2 months for 6 months and then every 3 months for 6 additional months. The results of the MRIs will be used to measure the effectiveness of CGP77116.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Open-Label Baseline vs. Treatment Trial Evaluating the Safety, Tolerability and Effect on MRI Lesion and Immunology Parameters of CGP 77116 in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis Mark|
|Study Start Date:||February 1998|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||March 2002|
This trial will evaluate safety, tolerability and effect on cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and immune response of CGP 77116 in patients with the demyelinating autoimmune disease, multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of the trial is to assess whether CGP 77116 modifies inflammatory disease activity as measured by MRI and immunological techniques, and to facilitate dose selection for future pivotal trials in progressive and relapsing-remitting MS.
CGP 77116 is an altered peptide ligand (APL) designed around an immunodominant epitope of human myelin basic protein (MBP) corresponding to amino acids 83-99, for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). Substitution of a key T cell receptor contact residue with alanine results in a non-stimulatory peptide analogue. Recent evidence suggests that a T cell-mediated immune response against immunodominant myelin protein peptides such as MBP (83-99) is involved in MS pathogenesis (1). MS results when the immune system is unable to keep autoreactive T cells from entering the central nervous system where they initiate demyelination of myelin sheaths. By targeting MBP autoreactive T cells, CGP 77116 may downregulate the MBP-specific immune response and lead to amelioration of MS.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001781
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|