Vasodilation in Patients With Fabry's Disease

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001774
First received: November 3, 1999
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: November 1999
  Purpose

Fabry's disease a genetic disorder (X-linked recessive) due to the absence of the enzyme alpha-galactosidase A. The disease is characterized by abnormal collections of glycolipids in cells (histiocytes) within blood vessel walls, tumors on the thighs, buttocks, and genitalia, decreased sweating, tingling sensations in the extremities, and cataracts. Patients with Fabry 's disease die from complications of the kidney, heart, or brain.

The objective of this study is to test the belief that patients with Fabry's disease have a problem with blood vessels becoming larger. The walls of blood vessels contain muscles that when they relax the vessel becomes larger. This process is referred to as vasodilation. It is controlled by a substance released by cells in blood vessels called EDRF (endothelium-derived relaxing factor).

Several drugs can affect vasodilation. Researchers believe some drugs may work by blocking the affect of EDRF. Researchers would like to test the effects of these drugs on the blood vessels of normal volunteers and patients with Fabry's disease.


Condition
Cerebrovascular Accident
Fabry Disease
Healthy

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: An Investigation of Endothelium-Derived Vasodilation in Patients With Fabry's Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 48
Study Start Date: October 1997
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2000
Detailed Description:

Fabry disease is a systematic genetic disease in which patients have abnormal blood vessels, and leads to numerous complications including cerebrovascular strokes. The objective of this study is to test the hypothesis that patients with Fabry disease have abnormal endothelial-derived vasodilation. If found to be abnormal, endothelial-derived vasodilation will serve as a useful clinical outcome measure in the evaluation of the efficacy of specific treatment of Fabry disease, and possibly of other causes of cerebrovascular stroke. The endothelium modulates vascular tone by the release of contracting and relaxing substances that act on the underlying smooth muscle. It has been previously demonstrated that patients with essential hypertension have a blunted vascular response to acetylcholine (an endothelium-dependent vasodilator). In the present study, we shall analyze the regional vascular responses to acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside alone, and in the presence of L-NMMA (an inhibitor of the synthesis of EDRF by endothelial cells) in 12 patients with Fabry disease and 12 normal age matched control subjects. We will infuse drugs into the brachial artery and will measure the responses of the forearm vasculature by means of strain gauge plethysmography. Forearm blood flow and vascular resistance at baseline and after infusion of vasoactive drugs, in Fabry patients, will be compared to the responses obtained in the healthy control population. This study will be performed with collaboration of Dr. Julio A. Panza, Senior Clinical Investigator from the Cardiology Branch, NHLBI.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Male patients with the classic form of Fabry disease, aged 18-50.

Normal male volunteers of the same approximate age will be included as a control.

No patients or volunteers with hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, coagulopathy, or any other disease predisposing to vasculitis or Raynaud's phenomenon.

No volunteers who are taking any kind of medication.

Must be able to give informed consent.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001774

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001774     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 980013, 98-N-0013
Study First Received: November 3, 1999
Last Updated: March 3, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Acetylcholine
Blood Flow
Blood vessel
Resistance
Sodium Nitroprusside
Fabry Disease
Normal Volunteer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Fabry Disease
Cerebral Infarction
Stroke
Sphingolipidoses
Lysosomal Storage Diseases, Nervous System
Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Inborn
Brain Diseases, Metabolic
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Lipidoses
Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Lysosomal Storage Diseases
Metabolic Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Brain Infarction
Brain Ischemia

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014