Cataract Surgery to Obtain Human Lens Material for the Study of Nuclear Cataracts

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001613
First received: November 3, 1999
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: May 2002
  Purpose

Cataract, in which the lens of the eye is opacified, is the major cause of blindness. This study will examine protein material of the lens called crystallins to try to determine what causes nuclear cataracts, a type of cataract that forms in the central lens nucleus.

Men and women age 45 years or older with a cataract may be eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened to determine what type of cataract they have and will undergo a complete eye examination, including a vision test, eye pressure test, and examination of the lens and retina.

Patients selected for study will have a complete physical and eye examination, including photography of various parts of the eye, and ultrasound measurements of the eye. They will then have cataract surgery, either with or without intraocular lens implantation, and will have follow-up examinations 1 week, 3 weeks, 5 weeks and 8 weeks after surgery.

Tissue from the lenses removed during surgery will be given to NEI scientists for research on the causes of age-related nuclear cataracts.


Condition
Cataract

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Use of Human Lens Material for the Study of Nuclear Cataracts

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 96
Study Start Date: May 1997
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 2002
Detailed Description:

Progress has been made in elucidating causative factors for some cataracts but little is yet known about those factors involved in development of aging-related nuclear cataracts. The predominant theory of nuclear cataractogenesis is that the lens crystallins accumulate covalent modifications which ultimately lead to increased light scattering. This theory is based on several lines of evidence. Crystallins, the predominant components of the lens, are present at very high concentration and determine the refractive properties of the lens. A relationship between crystallin alterations and cataract formation comes from studies on animal cataract models where mutations in crystallin genes have been identified. Numerous studies have also demonstrated that covalent modification of crystallins occurs in the human lens. These modifications are reported to be developmentally related, age related and/or the result of toxic environmental influences. Data from this lab demonstrated that the human lens crystallins undergo extensive covalent modification as part of normal lens fiber cell maturation. Crystallin modifications that cause cataracts would have to be superimposed on these normally occurring modifications.

We have begun a study under the protocol entitled "Use of Human Lens Material for Possible Causes of Cataract" to compare crystallins in nuclear cataracts with those in normal lenses. The goal was to identify uniquely altered crystallins, isolate the modified species and determine the covalent modifications that could possibly be involved in cataract formation. Surprisingly, our preliminary findings indicated that the pattern of protein spots on a 2-dimensional display of the total lens proteins (soluble, water insoluble and membrane) in the nuclear region of nuclear cataracts is essentially the same as found in the nucleus of normal lenses. Only the relative concentrations of these protein species varied. The number of pure nuclear cataracts available was too few 1) to determine the relationship between nuclear cataracts and crystallin covalent modification and 2) to establish the significance of concentration differences in crystallin species between normal lenses and nuclear cataracts. Therefore, the purpose of this protocol is to recruit enough subjects with pure nuclear cataracts to complete this study which should provide significant insights into the mechanisms underlying nuclear cataract.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patients with cataracts will be screened in order to determine eligibility.

Patients 45 years and older of either sex with clinically significant cataract will be admitted to this study.

Patients requiring cataract surgery should have either age related nuclear cataracts or cortical and/or posterior subcapsular cataract without nuclear cataract (controls).

Age related nuclear cataract is defined using LOCS II Clinical Classification as having Nuclear color of 0-2, Nuclear Opalescence of 2-5, Cortical Opacity 0-1, and PSC 0-1.

In addition, for controls, patients of either sex with clinically significant cortical or posterior subcapsular cataracts but having no nuclear cataract will also be recruited. These will have a LOCS grade of Nuclear Color 0-2, Nuclear Opalescence 0-1, Cortical 1-5, PSC 1.4.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001613

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001613     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 970121, 97-EI-0121
Study First Received: November 3, 1999
Last Updated: March 3, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Cataract Surgery
Human Lens
Crystallins
Post-Translational
Protein Modification
Nuclear Cataract
Cataract Extraction

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cataract
Lens Diseases
Eye Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014