New Drugs in the Treatment of Mood Disorders

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001482
First received: November 3, 1999
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: June 2000
  Purpose

This clinical study compares the effectiveness of two anticonvulsants Lamotrigine (Lamictal) Monotherapy and Gabapentin (Neurontin) in patients with treatment resistant affective disorders. We initially have found that the response rate to lamotrigine (51%) exceeded that of gabapentin (28%) or placebo (21%). In this study the placebo phase has been dropped so that we examine possible clinical and biological factors predictors of response. The drugs will be given in a randomized order for six weeks each and you will not know when you are on a given one. There will be a 2-4 week "washout" period between treatments. If you respond well to one of these treatments, a longer open continuation period will be offered at the end of this study. This would involve one or both drugs in combination. A variety of rating scales and brain imaging procedures will also be offered before and during each drug evaluation. Both lamotrigine and gabapentin are generally well tolerated. A serious potentially life threatening rash occurs in about 1/500 patients treated with lamotrigine, however. Common side effects are rash, dizziness, unsteadiness, double vision, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, insomnia, sedation, and headache. These side effects are usually mild, and resolve with continued time on the drug or a decrease in dosage.


Condition Intervention Phase
Anxiety Disorder
Mood Disorder
Psychotic Disorder
Drug: Lamotrigine (Lamictal® (Registered Trademark)
Drug: Gabapentin (Neurontin® (Registered Trademark))
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of Lamotrigine (Lamictal® (Registered Trademark)) Monotherapy and Gabapentin (Neurontin® (Registered Trademark)) Monotherapy in the Treatment of Mood Disorders

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: May 1995
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 2001
Detailed Description:

The anticonvulsants carbamazepine (CBZ) and valproate (VPA) have efficacy in the treatment of mood disorders, suggesting that other anticonvulsants with related mechanisms of action may have similar utility. Additional treatments are sorely needed because many patients with recurrent affective disorder have symptoms refractory to treatment with conventional agents, including lithium, carbamazepine, and valproate. This refractory group is the major focus of our investigative efforts on 3-west in the Section of Psychobiology, NIMH. Moreover, establishing differential clinical and biological predictors of response has become increasingly important both to rapid allocation of appropriate treatment and as they may supply insight into the pathophysiology of the mood disorders and their subtypes.

Lamotrigine, a phenyltriazine use-dependent sodium channel blocker that inhibits release of excitatory amino acids, is a new anticonvulsant with fewer side effects than older agents and was recently approved by the FDA as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial seizures. Heretofore, only preliminary open clinical evidence suggested that lamotrigine may have mood stabilizing properties.

Gabapentin is a neutral amino acid and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) analog which increases brain GABA levels and has fewer side effects than older agents and does not require hematological or hepatic monitoring. Preliminary evidence only from open "add-on" series had suggested that gabapentin therapy might have antidepressant and antianxiety effects, if not mood stabilizing properties.

We wish to evaluate the efficacy of lamotrigine and gabapentin in the refractory mood disorders. We also wish to examine the neurobiology and phenomenology of lamotrigine and gabapentin responders and nonresponders to ascertain potential predictors and concomitants of response to these medications. This study may lead to improvement in the treatment and understanding of mood disorders by providing controlled data on efficacy of these potential new treatments, potential predictors of response, and further insights into the pathophysiology of mood disorders.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Patients between the ages of 18 and 75 who satisfy DSM-III-R criteria for mood disorders, are refractory to at least two conventional treatments, and are inpatients or outpatients at the NIMH are invited to participate provided that the following criteria are fulfilled:

Subjects having serious medical illness (or meeting current psychoactive substance dependence will be excluded from entry.)

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001482

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001482     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 950115, 95-M-0115
Study First Received: November 3, 1999
Last Updated: March 3, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Anticonvulsants
Bipolar Disorder
Depression
Gabapentin
Lamotrigine
Mania
Mood Disorders

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anxiety Disorders
Psychotic Disorders
Mental Disorders
Mood Disorders
Schizophrenia and Disorders with Psychotic Features
Gabapentin
Lamotrigine
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Anticonvulsants
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Cardiovascular Agents
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs
Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
Excitatory Amino Acid Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Antimanic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014