Neuroimaging of Dopamine Metabolism in Normal and Psychiatric Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001320
First received: November 3, 1999
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: July 2003
  Purpose

Brain cells communicate with each other by releasing chemicals called neurotransmitters. In order for brain cells to transfer information, one cell will release a neurotransmitter that will be recognized by a receptor located on surface of another cell. One such neurotransmitter is dopamine.

Abnormal dopamine transmission has been seen in patients with substance abuse and different neuropsychiatric disorders including schizophrenia.

A radioactive drug called IZBM (I-123 iodobenzamide) can also bind to certain dopamine receptors. IZBM can be seen by Single Photon Emission Tomography (SPECT). Therefore, by using IZBM and SPECT scans, researchers can find and "map" the location of dopamine receptors in the brain.

Patients participating in this study must also have been selected for other genetic studies being conducted at the NIMH. Patients with schizophrenia will be selected from a NIMH research study titled, "Neurobiological Investigation of Patients with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders and Their Siblings" (95-M-0150). Normal patient volunteers will be selected from another NIMH study titled, "Inpatient Evaluation of Neuropsychiatric Patients" (89-M-0160). All aspects of clinical care and genetic analysis of these patients will be covered in these studies, while information pertaining to IBZM SPECT scans will be covered in this study.

This study will not directly benefit patients participating in it. However, information gathered may contribute to faster and more accurate diagnosis of schizophrenia and eventually better treatment for the disorder.


Condition
Healthy
Schizophrenia

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: I-123 Iodobenzamide (IBZM) SPECT Studies of D2 Receptor Distribution and Function in Patients With Schizophrenia and Normal Volunteers

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 265
Study Start Date: October 1991
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2003
Detailed Description:

Abnormalities in dopaminergic neurotransmission have been described in substance abuse and different neuropsychiatric disorders including schizophrenia. [I-123] IBZM is a radioligand that has been widely employed for SPECT imaging of dopamine type 2 and type 3 receptors (D2 and D3, respectively) and fluctuations in levels of endogenous dopamine. [I-123] IBZM SPECT has been used in the SPECT Lab of the Clinical Brain Disorders Branch for several years without adverse effects. Pharmacological effects of IBZM are unlikely due to the minimal amounts used and have not been observed. We propose to use [I-123] IBZM SPECT to explore following questions: 1) Can a previously found relationship between N-acetylaspartate (NAA) measures in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and striatal dopamine activity in patients with schizophrenia be replicated and is it also found in normal subjects? 2) Do allelic variants of genes for the dopamine type 2 (DRD2) and type 3 (DRD3) receptors, the dopamine transporter (SLC6A3), or enzymes involved in dopamine biosynthesis (TH) and metabolism (COMT, MAOA) affect D2 receptor availability in vivo?

This technical protocol describes the procedural aspects of [I-123]IBZM SPECT. It is not intended to be sufficient on its own for a clinical study. All subjects volunteering for this study will be recruited from among individuals who have previously consented to participate in clinical studies under one of two NIH protocols that include genetic testing. Schizophrenia patients will be recruited from among NIMH inpatients participating under NIH protocol #89-M-0160, "Inpatient Evaluation of Neuropsychiatric Patients" (Egan 1999a). Normal volunteers will be recruited from among those participating under NIH protocol #95-M-0150, "A Neurobiological Investigation of Patients with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders and Their Siblings" (Egan 1999b), which includes recruitment of a normal control group whose first degree relatives are free of mental illness. All details related to clinical care and genetic analysis are contained in those two protocols and their associated consent forms; all details related to [I-123]IBZM SPECT studies, per se, are discussed in this protocol, which requires a separate informed consent from each volunteer.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patients with schizophrenia will be recruited exclusively from among inpatients who are participating in clinical studies of the Clinical Brain Disorders Branch of NIMH under NIH protocol #89-M-0160 (Egan 1999a) and for whom genetic data is already available.

Normal volunteers will be recruited exclusively from among individuals who have volunteered for studies under NIH protocol #95-M-0150 (Egan 1999b) as normal control subjects and for whom genetic data is already being analyzed.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Pregnancy: All women of childbearing age must undergo a pregnancy test prior to injection or radioactive isotope. If the pregnancy test is positive or if the woman has reason to believe she might be pregnant, she will be excluded from this study.

Breastfeeding: Women who are breastfeeding will be excluded from this study to avoid unwarranted risk to their children.

Iodine sensitivity: Subjects with a prior reaction to iodine, iodine compounds, or shellfish will be excluded from this study. Also, subjects with a history of thyroid disease or dysfunction will be excluded from this study.

Substance abuse: Subjects with a history of recent substance abuse will be excluded from this study.

Metal objects in body: Subjects with metal objects in their bodies as specified in our MRI protocol (91-M-0124) will be excluded from this study.

INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR PATIENTS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA:

Prior participation as a NIMH inpatient under NIH protocol #89-M-0160.

Schizophrenia diagnosis according to DSM-IV criteria.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR PATIENTS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA:

Coexistence of another mental illness at the time of the study. If the patient has experienced other mental illnesses in the past (e.g. a learning disability or major depression), then this should be judged to be fully recovered.

INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR NORMAL CONTROLS:

Prior participation as a normal volunteer under NIH protocol #95-M-0150.

No Axis I or Axis II diagnoses.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR NORMAL CONTROLS:

Subjects with an Axis I or II disorder will be excluded.

Subjects with concomitant medical or neurological disorders which require ongoing medication, or which may affect the central nervous system will be excluded.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001320

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001320     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 920024, 92-M-0024
Study First Received: November 3, 1999
Last Updated: March 3, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Parkinson's Disease
Schizophrenia
Dopamine D2/D3 receptors
Brain Imaging
SPECT
Equilibrium
Brain Scan
Brain Research
Brain Disorders
Schizoaffective Disorder
Normal Volunteer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Schizophrenia
Mental Disorders
Schizophrenia and Disorders with Psychotic Features

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014