Brain Imaging of Childhood Onset Psychiatric Disorders, Endocrine Disorders and Healthy Children
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) unlike X-rays and CT-scans does not use radiation to create a picture. MRI use as the name implies, magnetism to create pictures with excellent anatomical resolution. Functional MRIs are diagnostic tests that allow doctors to not only view anatomy, but physiology and function. It is for these reasons that MRIs are excellent methods for studying the brain.
In this study, researchers will use MRIs to assess brain anatomy and function in normal volunteers and patients with a variety of childhood onset psychiatric disorders. The disorders include attention deficit disorder, autism, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, childhood-onset schizophrenia, dyslexia, multidimensional impairment syndrome, obsessive compulsive disorder, Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infection (PANDAS), stuttering, Sydenham's chorea, and Tourette's syndrome.
Results of the MRIs showing the anatomy of the brain and brain function will be compared across age, sex (gender), and diagnostic groups. Correlations between brain and behavioral measures will be examined for normal and clinical populations.
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
Mental Disorder Diagnosed in Childhood
|Official Title:||Brain Imaging of Childhood Onset Psychiatric Disorders, Endocrine Disorders and Healthy Controls|
|Study Start Date:||January 1989|
Driven by the hypotheses that many of the most severe neuropsychiatric disorders of childhood onset are associated with deviations from the path of normal brain development, the neuroanatomical substrates of which can be detected by magnetic resonance imaging, we are acquiring brain images in healthy and neuropsychiatrically impaired subjects. To explore gene, brain, behavior relationships in health and illness we are also acquiring DNA along with clinical, behavioral, and cognitive data in singleton and twin populations. Controls and clinical populations are screened and characterized in behavioral, cognitive, and physical domains. Longitudinal brain MRI scans are acquired and analyzed using state-of-the-art image analysis techniques. Data from the project has resulted in seminal papers on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Childhood-Onset Schizophrenia, and normal pediatric brain development. The data from the normative project is unique in its longitudinal nature and sample size.
|Contact: Jonathan Blumenthal||(301) firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike||Recruiting|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL) 800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Jay N Giedd, M.D.||National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)|