Hydroxyurea for the Treatment of Patients With Sickle Cell Anemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001197
First received: November 3, 1999
Last updated: August 2, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
  Purpose

A total of fifty severely affected patients with homozygous sickle cell disease or other sickling disorders (e.g. B negative or B positive Thalassemia/Sickle) who are greater than 18 years of age will be eligible for treatment. Such patients must be able to tolerate an extensive period without blood transfusion and have relatively well preserved renal and hepatic function (creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dl and normal liver function test with exception of a mild elevation in transaminase). Evidence of severe sickle cell anemia will include recurrent pain crisis, chronic bone oain, evidence of aseptic necrosis with symptoms, and intractable leg ulcer, etc.

On admission to the study, each patient will receive a complete history and physical examination. These data and standard laboratory evaluation, including a test for pregnancy if appropriate, will be adequate to ascertain whether any of the criteria for exclusion are present. Each patient must accept responsibility for for using an effective means of contraception. Patients who are found to be HIV positive will be excluded from the study.


Condition Intervention Phase
Sickle Cell Anemia
Drug: Hydroxyurea
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of Hydroxyurea on Fetal Hemoglobin Synthesis in Patients With Sickle Cell Anemia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • An increment in fetal hemoglobin production as a result of hydroxyurea. [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 41
Study Start Date: February 1984
Study Completion Date: October 2009
Primary Completion Date: December 2003 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Hydroxyurea
    N/A
Detailed Description:

Hydroxyurea is a cell-cycle specific agent that blocks DNA synthesis by inhibiting ribonucleotide reductase, the enzyme that converts ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides. Hydroxyurea has been shown to induce the production of HbF, initially in non-human primates, and now in more than fifty patients with sickle cell anemia. The majority of patients with sickle cell disease respond to the drug with a more than two-fold increase in HbF levels; in some patients the percent of HbF exceeds 10 or 15 percent. It is estimated that levels of 20 percent are required to substantially reduce the sickling propensity of red cells and to modulate disease severity. We propose now to treat several patients chronically with hydroxyurea to monitor the durability of the response, to examine for unanticipated long term sided effects and to determine hematological changes occurring longitudinally. Such patients will be candidates for protocols determining the ability of other agents to enhance HbF synthesis, especially in hydroxyurea non-responders. Finally, a series of in vitro studies are planned to attempt to develop predictors of response.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

A total of fifty severely affected patients with homozygous sickle cell disease or other sickling disorders (e.g., B negative or B positive Thalassemia/Sickle) who are greater than 18 years of age will be eligible for treatment. Such patients must be able to tolerate an extensive period without blood transfusion and have relatively well preserved renal and hepatic function (creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dl and normal liver function test with exception of a mild elevation in transaminase). Evidence of severe sickle cell anemia will include recurrent pain crisis, chronic bone pain, evidence of aseptic necrosis with symptoms, and intractable leg ulcers, etc.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patients who are found to be HIV positive will be excluded from the study.

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001197

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Griffin P Rodgers, M.D. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001197     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 840029, 84-H-0029
Study First Received: November 3, 1999
Last Updated: August 2, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Gene Expression Therapy
Gamma Globin Gene
Hemoglobin Switching
Bone Marrow
Sickle Cell Anemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anemia
Anemia, Sickle Cell
Hematologic Diseases
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Hemoglobinopathies
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Hydroxyurea
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antisickling Agents
Hematologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 19, 2014