A Study of Three Treatment Combinations Using Zidovudine Plus Lamivudine Plus Indinavir in HIV-Infected Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001084
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: May 1, 2012
Last verified: May 2012
  Purpose

To compare the proportion of patients who sustain suppression of plasma HIV RNA to undetectable levels [AS PER AMENDMENT 09/19/97: below 200 copies/mL by Roche UltraSensitive assay] among the 3 regimens during the maintenance phase.

The objective of antiretroviral therapy is to reduce HIV replication, preserve immunologic function and delay the development of HIV-related complications. In patients administered potent antiretroviral regimens, HIV RNA levels are reduced below 500 copies/ml of plasma and below the level of detection of commercially available assays. This protocol attempts to learn if a less intensive regimen can successfully sustain viral suppression after induction with a triple-drug regimen. The study also addresses whether HIV can be eradicated in patients following prolonged treatment with induction and maintenance regimens.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Indinavir sulfate
Drug: Lamivudine
Drug: Stavudine
Drug: Zidovudine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Randomized Double-Blind Trial of Three Maintenance Regimens for HIV-Infected Subjects Receiving Induction Therapy With Zidovudine, Lamivudine and Indinavir

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 500
Study Completion Date: December 1997
Detailed Description:

The objective of antiretroviral therapy is to reduce HIV replication, preserve immunologic function and delay the development of HIV-related complications. In patients administered potent antiretroviral regimens, HIV RNA levels are reduced below 500 copies/ml of plasma and below the level of detection of commercially available assays. This protocol attempts to learn if a less intensive regimen can successfully sustain viral suppression after induction with a triple-drug regimen. The study also addresses whether HIV can be eradicated in patients following prolonged treatment with induction and maintenance regimens.

All patients will receive open label induction therapy with zidovudine (ZDV), lamivudine (3TC) and indinavir (IDV) for 6 months. Following the 6 month induction phase, patients with undetectable plasma HIV RNA at weeks 16, 20 and 24 will enter the maintenance phase [blinded maintenance phase AS PER AMENDMENT 09/19/97] and be randomized to one of three maintenance regimens, i.e., either continued ZDV/3TC/IDV (control), or ZDV/3TC/IDV placebo or ZDV placebo/3TC placebo/IDV. Prior to randomization, patients are stratified according to entry HIV RNA level (greater than or equal to 30,000 or less than 30,000 copies/ml) and by prior ZDV therapy (at least 7 days or less than 7 days). After 12 months [AS PER AMENDMENT 09/19/97: 18 months] of maintenance therapy, treatment will be withdrawn at 6-month intervals in randomly-selected patients who have achieved undetectable HIV RNA. AS PER 09/19/97 AMENDMENT: After 18 months of blinded maintenance therapy, treatment is unblinded for patients whose HIV RNA levels remain detectable. Such patients receive optimal therapy, either continuing the protocol regimen or initiating alternative therapy.

AS PER AMENDMENT 2/27/98: An interim review conducted in January, 1998 demonstrated that the strategy of less intensive antiviral therapy after 6 months of IDV/3TC/ZDV induction therapy is less effective than continuation of triple drug therapy except for ZDV-naive patients assigned to ZDV/3TC. Therefore, the maintenance phase of this study has been discontinued.

Patients currently on blinded maintenance are unblinded immediately and have the option of reinitiating open-label triple therapy with IDV/3TC/ZDV or discontinuing study treatment. Patients currently on induction may register for continued open-label triple therapy or may discontinue study treatment. This amendment allows treatment extension so that subjects may receive open-label triple therapy until May 31, 1998. At that time, a rollover protocol or another modification with a longer period of drug supply may become available. Patients who choose to go off treatment are followed until May 31, 1998.

AS PER AMENDMENT 04/23/98: This study will now provide treatment with open-label ZDV/3TC/IDV until August 1, 1998. A rollover protocol or another 343 protocol modification with a longer period of drug supply may become available, but this cannot be guaranteed.

AS PER AMENDMENT 06/19/98: This study will now provide treatment with open-label ZDV/3TC/IDV until either November 1, 1998 or until 3 months after the rollover study (A5025) is available to the study sites (whichever comes first).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have:

  • Documented HIV infection.
  • A CD4 cell count >= 200 cells/mm3 within 90 days prior to study entry.
  • Plasma HIV RNA >= 1000 copies/ml within 90 days prior to study entry.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with any of the following conditions or symptoms are excluded:

  • A malignancy that requires systemic chemotherapy.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Oral ketoconazole (Nizoral), terfenadine (Seldane), astemizole (Hismanal), cisapride (Propulsid), triazolam (Halcion) or midazolam (Versed).
  • All antiretroviral therapies other than study medications.
  • Rifabutin and rifampin.
  • Investigational drugs and vaccines.
  • Systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  • Interferon, interleukins, GM-CSF and HIV vaccines.

Patients with any of the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • Unexplained temperature > 38.5 degrees C for any 7 days within 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Chronic diarrhea as defined as > 3 liquid stools per day persisting for 15 days within 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Proven or suspected acute hepatitis within 30 days prior to study entry, even if AST and ALT are <= 5.0 X ULN (upper limit of normal).
  • A history of >= Grade 2 bilateral peripheral neuropathy within 60 days prior to study entry.
  • A history of intolerance to 300 mg/day of ZDV defined as any toxicity requiring a dose reduction or termination of ZDV.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Acute therapy for an infection or other medical illness within 14 days prior to study entry.
  • Any prior therapy with 3TC or experimental drug 1592.
  • More than 2 weeks of lifetime exposure to protease inhibitor therapy; any exposure within 14 days prior to study entry.
  • Interferons, interleukins, GM-CSF or HIV vaccines within 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Any experimental therapy (drugs or vaccines) within 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Rifampin or rifabutin within 14 days prior to study entry.
  • Systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy within 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Oral ketoconazole (Nizoral), terfenadine (Seldane), astemizole (Hismanal), cisapride (Propulsid), triazolam (Halcion) or midazolam (Versed).
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001084

  Show 45 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Havlir D
Study Chair: Richman D
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Seth A, Markee J, Ap S, Sevin A, Hoering A, Hirsch M, Collier A, Letvin N, McElrath MJ. Alterations in T cell phenotype and antigen-specific cytotoxicity in patients receiving three anti-retroviral agents (ACTG protocol 343). Conf Retroviruses Opportunistic Infect. 1999 Jan 31-Feb 4;6th:132 (abstract no 340)
Havlir DV, Hirsch M, Collier A, Marschner I, Bassett R, Tebas P, Ioannidis J, Richman DD. Randomized trial of indinavir (IDV) vs. zidovudine (ZDV)/lamivudine (3TC) vs IDV/ZDV/3TC maintenance therapy after induction IDV/ZDV/3TC therapy. Conf Retroviruses Opportunistic Infect. 1998 Feb 1-5;5th:225 (abstract no LB16)
Gulick RM, Mellors J, Havlir D, Eron J, Gonzalez C, McMahon D, Richman D, Valentine F, Rooney J, Jonas L, Meibohm A, Emini E, Chodakewitz J. Potent and sustained antiretroviral activity of indinavir (IDV), zidovudine (ZDV) and lamivudine (3TC). Int Conf AIDS. 1996 Jul 7-12;11(Program Supplement):19 (abstract no ThB931)

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001084     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 343, 11314
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: May 1, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Prospective Studies
Drug Therapy, Combination
Zidovudine
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Lamivudine
Indinavir
RNA, Viral
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Anti-HIV Agents
Viral Load

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Zidovudine
Stavudine
Lamivudine
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Indinavir
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Anti-HIV Agents
Protease Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 22, 2014