The Safety and Effectiveness of Interleukin-2 Plus Zidovudine in Patients With AIDS or AIDS Related Complex

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000986
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: April 25, 2012
Last verified: April 2012
  Purpose

To test the safety and tolerance of three different doses of recombinant human interleukin 2 (aldesleukin; IL-2), when it is given for five consecutive days to patients with AIDS or AIDS related complex (ARC), who have also received zidovudine (AZT) for at least 6 weeks just before beginning the IL-2 treatment.

AZT is an antiviral drug, which has been shown to be beneficial in some patients with AIDS. IL-2 is a substance found naturally in the body that boosts the body's immune response to invading organisms and tumor cells. These two drugs, when administered together, may have a mutually helpful effect in treating AIDS patients, but before this effect can be studied, it is important to understand the proper dose and any side effects that may occur when these drugs are used together. The study will show how much AZT and IL-2 patients can safely take at the same time and how the two drugs will interact with each other.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Zidovudine
Drug: Aldesleukin
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Safety, Tolerance, and Immunological Study of a Combination of Recombinant Interleukin 2 and Zidovudine in Patients With AIDS or AIDS Related Complex

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 18
Study Completion Date: January 1994
Detailed Description:

AZT is an antiviral drug, which has been shown to be beneficial in some patients with AIDS. IL-2 is a substance found naturally in the body that boosts the body's immune response to invading organisms and tumor cells. These two drugs, when administered together, may have a mutually helpful effect in treating AIDS patients, but before this effect can be studied, it is important to understand the proper dose and any side effects that may occur when these drugs are used together. The study will show how much AZT and IL-2 patients can safely take at the same time and how the two drugs will interact with each other.

AMENDED: Note that the dose of AZT changed 900214 to reflect new dose recommendations. Original design: Six weeks before beginning treatment with IL-2, patients are given AZT daily. There are three patient groups, one for each dose level of IL-2. On the first day of treatment with the two drugs together, patients are admitted to Presbyterian University Hospital, where AZT is administered orally every 4 hours and IL-2 is given once a day as a single injection under the skin. Clinical and laboratory safety data from the first two patients enrolled in each treatment group will be analyzed prior to enrolling additional patients in each group. All patients are expected to stay in the hospital for at least 5 days, and some may stay longer if serious side effects develop. AZT treatment will continue after the patient leaves the hospital for an additional 10 weeks. Follow-up visits are scheduled for days 6, 8, and 15 for safety, immunologic, and virologic evaluations. Thereafter, patients are followed by telephone interview every other week and come into the clinic if a change in health is reported. At weeks 10 and 20, patients are also evaluated in a follow-up clinic visit.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Acetaminophen under the supervision of a study physician.

Prior Medication:

Required for at least 6 weeks prior to study entry:

  • Zidovudine at a dose of at least 300 mg/day.
  • Allowed:
  • Aerosolized pentamidine prior to combination therapy.

Patients must demonstrate the following clinical and laboratory findings:

  • Currently receiving zidovudine (AZT) at a dose of at least 300 mg/day and have received the drug for at least 6 weeks.
  • Have a life expectancy of = or > 4 months.
  • Available for the duration of the study and for follow-up visits.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions will be excluded:

  • Evidence of active life-threatening opportunistic infection with bacterial, viral, fungal, or protozoan pathogens during the 6-week period prior to and during the 5-day period of combination therapy.
  • A fever > 101 degrees F within the past 10 days.
  • Significant central nervous system disease, including acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), dementia, psychiatric disabilities, or seizure disorders.
  • Significant cardiac (New York Heart Association stage III or IV) and/or pulmonary disease (forced expiratory volume < 75 percent).
  • Kaposi's sarcoma or other AIDS related malignancy.
  • Evidence of malabsorption as indicated by 10 percent weight loss within the last 3 months.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Cardiac medications.
  • Glucocorticosteroids.
  • Probenecid.
  • Acetylsalicylic acid.
  • Trimethoprim / sulfamethoxazole.
  • Acyclovir.
  • Allopurinol.
  • Drugs causing anemia, neutropenia, or nephrotoxicity.
  • Aerosolized pentamidine during combination therapy.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs by patients with thrombocytopenia (<75000 platelets/mm3).
  • Acetaminophen except under supervision of a study physician.

Patients with the following conditions will be excluded:

  • Evidence of active life-threatening opportunistic infection with bacterial, viral, fungal, or protozoan pathogens during the 6-week period prior to and during the 5-day period of combination therapy.
  • A fever > 101 degrees F within the past 10 days.
  • Significant central nervous system disease, including acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), dementia, psychiatric disabilities, or seizure disorders.
  • Significant cardiac (New York Heart Association stage III or IV) and/or pulmonary disease (forced expiratory volume < 75 percent).
  • Kaposi's sarcoma or other AIDS related malignancy.
  • Evidence of malabsorption as indicated by 10 percent weight loss within the last 3 months.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 4 weeks of study entry:

  • Any antiretroviral drug, except zidovudine (AZT).
  • Excluded within 12 weeks of study entry:
  • Immunotherapy, including interleukins, interferons, tumor necrosis factor.
  • Other cytokines.
  • Biologic response modifiers.
  • Monoclonal antibodies.
  • BCG vaccines.

Active drug or alcohol abuse.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000986

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Univ of Pittsburgh Med School
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: M Ho
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000986     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 067, 11041
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: April 25, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Recombinant Proteins
Interleukin-2
Drug Interactions
Drug Therapy, Combination
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS-Related Complex
Zidovudine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
AIDS-Related Complex
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Aldesleukin
Interleukin-2
Zidovudine
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Central Nervous System Agents
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Anti-Retroviral Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014