Trial record 9 of 42147 for:    (NOT NOTEXT) [CITATIONS]

A Multi-Center Clinical Trial To Evaluate Azidothymidine (AZT) in the Treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection in Patients With AIDS Post First Episode PCP

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000700
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: February 15, 2012
Last verified: February 2012
  Purpose

To examine the dose of zidovudine (AZT) that was used in the first placebo-controlled study of AZT in AIDS patients as well as a lower dose of AZT in order to determine if the lower dose results in less harmful side effects while still being effective. Previous studies have shown the effectiveness of AZT in AIDS therapy. AZT has been effective in test tube studies at varying doses. There is a need to see if lower doses result in effective therapy with less harmful side effects.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Zidovudine
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-Center Clinical Trial To Evaluate Azidothymidine (AZT) in the Treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection in Patients With AIDS Post First Episode PCP

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 482
Study Completion Date: May 1990
Detailed Description:

Previous studies have shown the effectiveness of AZT in AIDS therapy. AZT has been effective in test tube studies at varying doses. There is a need to see if lower doses result in effective therapy with less harmful side effects.

Patients are assigned at random to one of two treatment programs: (1) 1 dose of AZT given orally (PO) for 6 doses per day; (2) 2 doses of AZT PO for 4 weeks followed by 1 dose PO for the remainder of the trial.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • All concomitant medication to minimum and record.
  • Any approved medications can be used to treat an opportunistic infection.
  • Dapsone may be used for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP).
  • Pyrimethamine - sulfadoxine may be used for toxoplasmosis.
  • Ganciclovir for cytomegalovirus may be used for maintenance only.
  • Prophylactic therapy for PCP.

Concurrent Treatment:

Allowed:

  • Local, limited radiation therapy to isolated Kaposi's sarcoma lesions provided total area is < 5 x 5 cm and a 6-MeV electron beam or 90 kV x-ray = or < 3000 rads total is used.

Patients must have:

  • HIV seropositivity as confirmed by any federally licensed ELISA test kit.
  • Allowed:
  • Malignancy in past which has been in complete remission for 1 year without therapy.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with active opportunistic infections will be excluded.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Aspirin on a regular basis or beyond 72 hours without contacting investigator.
  • Cimetidine.
  • Flurazepam.
  • Indomethacin.
  • Ranitidine.
  • Probenecid.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Status post-Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia with symptomatic visceral Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) or progression of KS within the month prior to study entry.
  • Other concurrent neoplasms other than basal cell carcinoma of the skin.
  • Requiring blood transfusions > once per month. Last transfusion cannot have been given within 7 days of entry.
  • Active substance abuse. Unwilling to sign informed consent or to be followed at medical center where enrolled for duration of study and follow-up if necessary.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 2 weeks of study entry:

  • Treatment for acute Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP).
  • Excluded within 30 days of study entry:
  • Other antiretroviral agents, immunomodulating agents, or corticosteroids.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded within 30 days of study entry:

  • Radiation therapy or cytotoxic chemotherapy for Kaposi's sarcoma.

Required:

  • Patients must be at least 2 weeks post- therapy status for acute Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP).
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000700

Locations
United States, California
Los Angeles County - USC Med Ctr
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
UCLA CARE Ctr
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
Univ of California / San Diego Treatment Ctr
San Diego, California, United States, 921036325
Stanford at Kaiser / Kaiser Permanente Med Ctr
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
San Francisco AIDS Clinic / San Francisco Gen Hosp
San Francisco, California, United States, 941102859
Stanford Univ School of Medicine
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
United States, Florida
Univ of Miami School of Medicine
Miami, Florida, United States, 331361013
United States, Louisiana
Charity Hosp / Tulane Univ Med School
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
Louisiana State Univ Med Ctr / Tulane Med School
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
Tulane Univ School of Medicine
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins Hosp
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Massachusetts
Harvard (Massachusetts Gen Hosp)
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Beth Israel Deaconess Med Ctr
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Beth Israel Deaconess - West Campus
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, Minnesota
Univ of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
United States, New York
Jack Weiler Hosp / Bronx Municipal Hosp
Bronx, New York, United States, 10465
Bronx Municipal Hosp Ctr/Jacobi Med Ctr
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Bronx Veterans Administration / Mount Sinai Hosp
Bronx, New York, United States, 10468
Montefiore Med Ctr / Bronx Municipal Hosp
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467
City Hosp Ctr at Elmhurst / Mount Sinai Hosp
Elmhurst, New York, United States, 11373
Mount Sinai Med Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Beth Israel Med Ctr / Peter Krueger Clinic
New York, New York, United States, 10003
Mem Sloan - Kettering Cancer Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Univ of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
SUNY / State Univ of New York
Syracuse, New York, United States, 13210
United States, North Carolina
Duke Univ Med Ctr
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Pennsylvania
Univ of Pittsburgh Med School
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
United States, Washington
Univ of Washington
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98105
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Fischl M
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Fischl M, Parker CB, Pettinelli C, Wulfsohn M, Rasheed S. The efficacy and safety of a lower dose of zidovudine in the treatment of patients with AIDS-associated PCP. Int Conf AIDS. 1990 Jun 20-23;6(1):138 (abstract no ThB20)
Wulfsohn M, Fischl M, Tsiatis A. Predictors of survival among patients with AIDS receiving zidovudine. Int Conf AIDS. 1992 Jul 19-24;8(2):C314 (abstract no PoC 4419)
Winkelstein A, McMahon D, Hawk H, Armstrong JA, Pazin GJ, Ho M. AZT therapy is associated with an increased capacity of PHA-stimulated cells to express IL-2 receptors (IL-2R). Int Conf AIDS. 1989 Jun 4-9;5:281 (abstract no MBP355)

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000700     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 002, 10978
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: February 15, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
United States
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections
Pneumonia, Pneumocystis carinii
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Zidovudine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Zidovudine
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Anti-HIV Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014