Trial record 3 of 5 for:    "Herpetic keratitis"

Herpetic Eye Disease Study (HEDS) I

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified September 2009 by National Eye Institute (NEI).
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Eye Institute (NEI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000138
First received: September 23, 1999
Last updated: September 16, 2009
Last verified: September 2009
  Purpose

To evaluate the efficacy of topical corticosteroids in treating herpes simplex stromal keratitis in conjunction with topical trifluridine.

To evaluate the efficacy of oral acyclovir in treating herpes simplex stromal keratitis in patients receiving concomitant topical corticosteroids and trifluridine.

To evaluate the efficacy of oral acyclovir in treating herpes simplex iridocyclitis in conjunction with treatment with topical corticosteroids and trifluridine.


Condition Intervention Phase
Keratitis, Herpetic
Ocular Herpes Simplex
Drug: Prednisolone Phosphate
Drug: Acyclovir
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Eye Institute (NEI):

Study Start Date: May 1989
Detailed Description:

Herpes simplex keratitis is a leading cause of corneal opacification in the United States, other industrialized countries, and developing nations throughout the world. An estimated 450,000 people in the United States can develop recurrent episodes of the disease and about 46,000 episodes of HSV eye infection every year. Herpetic eye disease is the most common infectious cause of corneal blindness in this country.

Despite the availability of antiviral agents that are effective in treating herpes simplex epithelial keratitis, inflammation in the corneal connective tissue and iris that can lead to corneal scarring and visual impairment develops in many patients. Prior to the HEDS-I trials, the role of topical corticosteroids in the management of HSV stromal keratitis was uncertain; some animal and human studies suggested there was a benefit to treatment whereas others suggested harm. The value of adding an oral antiviral agent to treatment with topical corticosteroids and topical antivirals also was unknown.

The HEDS-I trials were developed to assess the efficacy of topical corticosteroids and oral acyclovir in treating HSV stromal keratitis and iridocyclitis.

HEDS-I consisted of three randomized, placebo-controlled trials. The organizational structure consisted of a data coordinating center and eight clinical centers.

All patients received the topical antiviral trifluridine as prophylaxis against recurrences of HSV epithelial ulceration. Patients were evaluated weekly for 10 weeks, every other week through week 16, and again at 6 months. The primary outcome was the time to development of preset criteria for treatment failure during the 16-week period of examination. Protocol-specific descriptions of the three trials follow.

Herpes Stromal Keratitis, Not on Steroid Trial (HEDS-SKN): Patients with active HSV stromal keratitis who had not used a topical corticosteroid in the preceding 10 days were randomized to treatment with topical prednisolone phosphate drops or topical placebo drops. A treatment schedule, starting with 8 drops a day of 1 percent prednisolone phosphate for 7 days, was progressively decreased over 10 weeks in such a way that patients received 1 drop per day of 1/8 percent prednisolone for the last 3 weeks of treatment. Placebo drops were given by the same schedule.

Herpes Stromal Keratitis, on Steroid Treatment (HEDS-SKS): Patients with active HSV stromal keratitis who already were being treated with a topical corticosteroid were randomized either to oral treatment with 200 mg acyclovir capsules (400 mg five times daily) for 10 weeks or to the identical dose of placebo capsules. Patients also received topical prednisolone phosphate in the dosage schedule described above for the SKN trial.

Herpes Simplex Virus Iridocyclitis, Receiving Topical Steroids (HEDS-IRT): Patients with active HSV iridocyclitis were randomized either to oral treatment with 200 mg acyclovir capsules (400 mg five times daily) for 10 weeks or to the identical dose of placebo capsules. Patients also received topical prednisolone phosphate in the dosage schedule described above for the SKN trial.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Eligibility criteria common to the three protocols included age 12 years or older, no active HSV epithelial keratitis, no prior keratoplasty of the involved eye, and not pregnant. Protocol-specific criteria are noted in the description above.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Dawson CR; Jones DB; Kaufman HE; Barron BA; Hauck WW; Wilhelmus KR; The Herpetic Eye Disease Study: Strategies of design and data analysis [Abstract]., Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1990;31:553
Dawson CR; Jones DB; Wilhelmus KR; Kaufman HE; Barron BA; Hauck WW; Evaluation of corneal inflammatory disease: The Herpetic Eye Disease Study (HEDS) [Abstract]., Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1991;32:1221
Dawson CR; Hauck WW; Jones DB; Kaufman HE; Gee L; Barron BA; Wilhelmus KR; The Herpetic Eye Disease Study (HEDS). Clinical characteristics of randomized patients with herpetic stromal keratitis and iridocyclitis prior to initiating treatment [Abstract]., Invest Ophthalmol Vis 1992;33:1134

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000138     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NEI-37
Study First Received: September 23, 1999
Last Updated: September 16, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Eye Institute (NEI):
Herpes Simplex Stromal Keratitis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Herpes Simplex
Keratitis
Keratitis, Herpetic
Corneal Diseases
DNA Virus Infections
Eye Diseases
Eye Infections
Eye Infections, Viral
Herpesviridae Infections
Skin Diseases
Skin Diseases, Infectious
Skin Diseases, Viral
Virus Diseases
Methylprednisolone
Methylprednisolone acetate
Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate
Prednisolone
Prednisolone acetate
Prednisolone hemisuccinate
Prednisolone phosphate
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Autonomic Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014